Eric

Eric

[er-ik]
Bentley, Eric, 1916-, American critic, editor, and translator, b. Bolton, England, grad. Oxford, 1938, Ph.D. Yale, 1941. A highly regarded and rigorously intellectual critic, particularly of the drama, Bentley is the author of such works as A Century of Hero-Worship (1944), The Playwright as Thinker (1946), Bernard Shaw (1947), What Is Theatre? (1956), The Life of the Drama (1964), The Importance of Scrutiny (1964), Theatre of War (1972), Brecht Commentaries (1981), Thinking about the Playwright (1987), and Bentley on Brecht (1998). He is also known for his translations of plays by Bertolt Brecht and Luigi Pirandello and for his editions of collected plays, including The Classic Theatre (4 vol., 1958-61). He was the drama critic for the New Republic from 1952 to 1956 and taught at Columbia, where he was a professor until 1969, and several other universities. Also a playwright, Bentley has written about a number of plays since the 1970s, on a wide variety of subjects including Galileo, Oscar Wilde, and the House Un-American Activities Committee.
Ambler, Eric, 1909-98, English novelist. An advertising executive, he turned exclusively to writing after his realistic and innovative suspense novels became popular. Ambler has often been called the first thriller writer whose work succeeded as literature. His heroes are usually ordinary men who become accidentally or innocently involved in international intrigues. Several of his novels were made into films, e.g., A Coffin for Dimitrios (1939, film 1944), Journey into Fear (1940, film 1942), and Topkapi (1962, film 1964). Among his other thrillers are Passage of Arms (1959), To Catch a Spy (1964), Doctor Frigo (1974), and The Care of Time (1981). Ambler also wrote screenplays, including those for The Cruel Sea (1953) and The Guns of Navarone (1961).

See his autobiography, Here Lies (1985).

Heiden, Eric, 1958-, American speed skater, b. Madison, Wis. After competing in the 1976 Winter Olympics, he won three consecutive World Speedskating Championships (1977-79). In 1980 at Lake Placid, N.Y., he became the first athlete ever to win five gold medals in a single Winter Olympics. After his retirement from competition, he became an orthopedic surgeon and the medical director of the U.S. speedskating and cycling teams.
Williams, Eric, 1911-81, prime minister of Trinidad and Tobago (1961-81). He attended Oxford and taught at Howard Univ. in Washington, D.C. (1939-53). Returning to Trinidad, he founded (1955) the country's first formal political party. He became chief minister in 1956 and prime minister in 1961. Elections in 1966 and 1971 reaffirmed his position. He led his country to independence within the Commonwealth of Nations (1962). Williams launched several ambitious five-year development plans, attracting foreign capital through tax incentives and acquiring foreign aid. He concentrated his efforts on the improvement of education and the development and diversification of industry and agriculture. Although of African descent, he faced increasing black militant opposition to his government. His numerous writings include The Negro in the Caribbean (1942, repr. 1970); History of the People of Trinidad and Tobago (1964); British Historians and the West Indies (1964); and From Columbus to Castro (1970, repr. 1983).

See his autobiography, Inward Hunger (1969).

Rohmer, Eric, 1920-2010, French film director and writer, b. Jean-Marie Maurice Schérer. He was a founder (1950) of La Gazette du cinéma, cowrote (1957) a study of Alfred Hitchcock, and edited (1957-63) the influential journal Cahiers du cinéma. One of the founders of France's cinematic "New Wave," he made short films in the 1950s before directing his first feature, The Sign of Leo (1959), in which he initiated his typically calm and intellectual style, emphasizing the flow of conversation and ideas and portraying little physical action. In 1962 he began a cycle of "Six Moral Tales," which explore relationships between men and women, achieving popular and critical success with My Night at Maud's (1969), Claire's Knee (1970), and Chloe in the Afternoon (1972). After two stylized period dramas, The Marquise of O (1976) and Perceval (1978), he began another contemporary cycle, "Comedies and Proverbs," highlighted by the acclaimed Pauline at the Beach (1983) and Summer (1986). Rohmer's later films include his "Four Seasons" quartet (1990-98), the historical The Lady and the Duke (2001), and his final work, Romance of Astrée and Céladon (2007).

See study by C. G. Crisp (1988).

(born Sept. 25, 1911, Port of Spain, Trin.—died March 29, 1981, St. Anne, near Port of Spain) First prime minister of independent Trinidad and Tobago (1962–81). He received a doctorate from the University of Oxford and served on the faculty of Howard University in the U.S. before founding the People's National Movement (PNM) in 1956 and taking his nation into the Federation of the West Indies in 1958 only to withdraw in favour of independence in 1962. Oil reserves helped boost the nation's income, and Williams remained popular until 1970, when an economic downturn led to unsuccessful revolts. He served as prime minister until his death. Capitalism and Slavery (1944) and From Columbus to Castro: The History of the Caribbean, 1492–1969 (1970) were among his many books.

Learn more about Williams, Eric (Eustace) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

orig. Jean-Marie-Maurice Scherer

(born April 4, 1920, Nancy, France) French film director. After working as a schoolteacher, he became a founding editor of La Gazette du Cinéma in 1950 and later editor of the influential New Wave periodical Cahiers du Cinéma (1957–63). After directing several short films, he made a series of contes moraux (“moral tales”) that included the successful films My Night at Maud's (1968), Claire's Knee (1970), and Chloe in the Afternoon (1972), sensitively observed studies of romantic love. His later films include The Marquise of O (1976), Full Moon in Paris (1984), and Autumn Tale (1999).

Learn more about Rohmer, Eric with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born June 14, 1958, Madison, Wis., U.S.) U.S. speed skater. He became the first American to win the world speed-skating championship, and he retained the h1 for three years (1977–79). In the 1980 Winter Olympics he became the first person to win gold medals in all five speed-skating events. He later turned to competitive cycling.

Learn more about Heiden, Eric (Arthur) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Sept. 14, 1916, Bolton, Lancashire, Eng.) British-born U.S. drama critic and translator. He was a stage director in several European cities (1948–51); in Munich, after working with Bertolt Brecht on a production of the playwright's Mother Courage, he translated Brecht's plays into English. His reporting on European theatre for several magazines helped introduce many European playwrights to the U.S. He wrote numerous critical works, including Life of the Drama (1964), and taught at Columbia University (1953–69) and elsewhere.

Learn more about Bentley, Eric (Russell) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

orig. Jean-Marie-Maurice Scherer

(born April 4, 1920, Nancy, France) French film director. After working as a schoolteacher, he became a founding editor of La Gazette du Cinéma in 1950 and later editor of the influential New Wave periodical Cahiers du Cinéma (1957–63). After directing several short films, he made a series of contes moraux (“moral tales”) that included the successful films My Night at Maud's (1968), Claire's Knee (1970), and Chloe in the Afternoon (1972), sensitively observed studies of romantic love. His later films include The Marquise of O (1976), Full Moon in Paris (1984), and Autumn Tale (1999).

Learn more about Rohmer, Eric with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Sept. 25, 1911, Port of Spain, Trin.—died March 29, 1981, St. Anne, near Port of Spain) First prime minister of independent Trinidad and Tobago (1962–81). He received a doctorate from the University of Oxford and served on the faculty of Howard University in the U.S. before founding the People's National Movement (PNM) in 1956 and taking his nation into the Federation of the West Indies in 1958 only to withdraw in favour of independence in 1962. Oil reserves helped boost the nation's income, and Williams remained popular until 1970, when an economic downturn led to unsuccessful revolts. He served as prime minister until his death. Capitalism and Slavery (1944) and From Columbus to Castro: The History of the Caribbean, 1492–1969 (1970) were among his many books.

Learn more about Williams, Eric (Eustace) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Sept. 14, 1916, Bolton, Lancashire, Eng.) British-born U.S. drama critic and translator. He was a stage director in several European cities (1948–51); in Munich, after working with Bertolt Brecht on a production of the playwright's Mother Courage, he translated Brecht's plays into English. His reporting on European theatre for several magazines helped introduce many European playwrights to the U.S. He wrote numerous critical works, including Life of the Drama (1964), and taught at Columbia University (1953–69) and elsewhere.

Learn more about Bentley, Eric (Russell) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born June 14, 1958, Madison, Wis., U.S.) U.S. speed skater. He became the first American to win the world speed-skating championship, and he retained the h1 for three years (1977–79). In the 1980 Winter Olympics he became the first person to win gold medals in all five speed-skating events. He later turned to competitive cycling.

Learn more about Heiden, Eric (Arthur) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born June 28, 1909, London, Eng.—died Oct. 22, 1998, London) British author of espionage and crime novels. Among his works are The Dark Frontier (1936), Epitaph for a Spy (1938), A Coffin for Dimitrios (1939), Journey into Fear (1940; film, 1942), and The Light of Day (1962). In contrast to earlier British spy stories, in which xenophobic, romantic heroes defeated vast conspiracies to dominate the world, Ambler's tales were of ordinary, educated Englishmen thrust by chance or curiosity into danger. Notable for its gritty realism, Ambler's fiction was a major influence on writers such as Graham Greene and John Le Carré.

Learn more about Ambler, Eric with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born June 28, 1909, London, Eng.—died Oct. 22, 1998, London) British author of espionage and crime novels. Among his works are The Dark Frontier (1936), Epitaph for a Spy (1938), A Coffin for Dimitrios (1939), Journey into Fear (1940; film, 1942), and The Light of Day (1962). In contrast to earlier British spy stories, in which xenophobic, romantic heroes defeated vast conspiracies to dominate the world, Ambler's tales were of ordinary, educated Englishmen thrust by chance or curiosity into danger. Notable for its gritty realism, Ambler's fiction was a major influence on writers such as Graham Greene and John Le Carré.

Learn more about Ambler, Eric with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Eric's Trip is a Canadian indie rock band hailing from Moncton, New Brunswick.

History

Eric's Trip formed in 1990 when musicians Rick White and Chris Thompson of The Forest joined Julie Doiron and Ed Vaughan (who was later replaced by Mark Gaudet of Purple Knight). They took their name from a Sonic Youth song and emulated the distorted guitar of Dinosaur Jr., the folk leanings of Neil Young, and the lo-fi aesthetic of Sebadoh. Rick White described their sound as "sappy melodic pop music on top of thick distortion."

Eric's Trip were the first Canadian band to be signed to Seattle's Sub Pop record label in the early 1990s. Another two Atlantic Canadian bands, Jale and The Hardship Post, were signed to Sub Pop in subsequent years.

The band broke up in 1996, but reunited in 2001 and August 2006 to play at the Sappy Records Festival in Sackville, New Brunswick. They reunited again for a series of shows in 2007 , including a show at the 2007 Halifax Pop Explosion. The band has announced tour dates for the summer of 2008.

Bassist Julie Doiron currently has a successful solo career, from 2003-2007 she performed with Shotgun & Jaybird, Rick White and Mark Gaudet play in Elevator, and Chris Thompson enjoyed some fame as Moon Socket. Thompson currently plays in The Memories Attack with Ron Bates of Moncton band Orange Glass. White produced Doiron's 2007 solo album Woke Myself Up, which features three tracks on which the entire Eric's Trip lineup worked together.

Personnel

Discography

Albums

EPs

  • Eric's Trip EP cassette (Independent) – 1990
  • Catapillars EP cassette (Independent) – 1991
  • Drowning EP cassette (Independent) – 1991
  • Warm Girl EP cassette (Independent) – 1992
  • Belong 7" EP (NIM) – 1992
  • Peter cassette/CD (Murderecords), LP (Sub Pop Germany) – 1993
  • Songs About Chris 7" EP (4 songs) / CD5 (6 songs) (Sub Pop) – 1993
  • Julie and the Porthole to Dimentia 7" EP (One solo track by each of the four members) (Sappy Records) – 1993
  • Trapped In New York 7" EP (Summershine Records) – 1993
  • Warm Girl 7" EP (Derivative) – 1993
  • The Gordon Street Haunting 7" EP / CD5 (Sub Pop) – 1994
  • The Road South 7" EP (Sonic Unyon) – 1995

Splits

  • "Laying Blame" b/w Stove-Smother Split 7" with Sloan (Cinnamon Toast Records) – 1994
  • Pillow (Red) b/w Payday and Don't Spook the Horse... Split 7" with Moviola (metoo! records) – 1996

Compilations

  • "Sickness" featured on Naked in the Marsh 10" Compilation of Moncton bands, 500 copies on green vinyl (NIM) – 1991
  • "Understanding" featured on Raw Energy CD Compilation (Raw Energy Records) – 1993
  • "Blue Sky For Julie/Smother" featured on Never Mind The Molluscs East Coast Compilation Double 7" set/CD (Sub Pop) – 1993
  • "Blue Sky For Julie/Smother" featured on Sub Pop Employee Of The Month Compilation CD/LP (Sub Pop) – 1993
  • "Laying Blame" featured on Trim Crusts if Desired East Coast CD Compilation (Cinnamon Toast) – 1994
  • "Evie" featured on Not If I Smell You First CD Compilation (Sonic Unyon) – 1995
  • "If You Don't Want Me" featured on Teenage Zit Rock Angst Compilation LP/CD/8-track (Nardwuar the Human Serviette/Mint Records) – 1995

References

External links

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