(born Jan. 1, 1879, London, Eng.—died June 7, 1970, Coventry, Warwickshire) British writer. Forster was born into an upper-middle-class family. He attended the University of Cambridge and from roughly 1907 was a member of the informal Bloomsbury group
. His early works include Where Angels Fear to Tread
(1905), The Longest Journey
(1907), A Room with a View
(1908), and his first major success, Howards End
(1910), novels that show his acute observation of middle-class life and its values. After periods in India and Alexandria, he wrote his finest novel, A Passage to India
(1924), examining the failure of human understanding between ethnic and social groups under British rule. Maurice
, a novel with a homosexual theme written in 1913, appeared posthumously. Aspects of the Novel
(1927) is a classic discussion of aesthetics and the creative process. Awarded an honorary fellowship in 1946 at Cambridge, he lived there until his death.
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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.