See R. Trenner, ed., E. L. Doctorow, Essays and Conversations (1983); C. D. Morris, ed., Conversations with E. L. Doctorow (1999); studies by P. Levine (1985), C. C. Harter and J. R. Thompson (1990), C. D. Morris (1991), J. G. Parks (1991), D. Fowler (1992), B. Siegel, ed. (2000), M. M. Tokarczyk (2000), and H. Bloom, ed. (2002).
(born Jan. 6, 1931, New York, N.Y., U.S.) U.S. novelist. Doctorow worked as an editor and has since taught at colleges and universities. His best-selling novels have often focused on the working class and the dispossessed of earlier decades in the U.S. The Book of Daniel (1971) concerned the Rosenberg spy case. Ragtime (1975; film, 1981) incorporates actual early 20th-century American figures. Loon Lake (1980), World's Fair (1985), and Billy Bathgate (1989; film, 1991) examine the Great Depression and its aftermath. City of God (2000), concerns the efforts of a New York City Episcopal minister to renew his faith.
Learn more about Doctorow, E(dgar) L(aurence) with a free trial on Britannica.com.
E.L.E. (Extinction Level Event): The Final World Front is a hip hop album by Busta Rhymes, released on December 8, 1998 (see 1998 in music). The album has a running theme of (incorrectly) predicting that the world would end at the end of the second millennium.
Extinction Level Event peaked at #2 and #12 on Billboard's Top Hip Hop/R&B Albums and the Billboard 200 charts.
The album presented some of his biggest singles to date, including the DJ Scratch produced, "Gimme Some More". The album contains three skits, one involving a boy who is being criticized by his parents for listening to such explicit music, one involving a young man trying to pick up a young woman at the mall by exaggerating his financial and social status - "Oprah does my laundry" - , and one concerning a group of campers who insist that their leader play a Busta Rhymes song at the campfire, pushing him to the breaking point. In the first two skits, songs from Busta's previous 1997 album, When Disaster Strikes, can be heard in the background. "Get High Tonight" and "So Hardcore", respectively.
Busta Rhymes explained in an interview that the cover was inspired by the disaster movie Deep Impact, showing his image of an asteroid hitting New York City.
|1999||What's It Gonna Be?!||The Billboard Hot 100||No. 3|
|1999||What's It Gonna Be?!||Hot Rap Singles||No. 1|
|1999||What's It Gonna Be?!||Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks||No. 1|
|1999||What's It Gonna Be?!||Rhythmic Top 40||No. 5|
|1999||What's It Gonna Be?!||Top 40 Mainstream||No. 40|
|1999||Gimme Some More||Rhythmic Top 40||No. 36|
|1999||Party Is Goin' on Over Here||Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks||No. 72|
Hard Times as Bodie: The Allegorical Functionality in E.L. Doctorow's Welcome to Hard Times (1960)/ Hard Times as Bodie: Die Allegoriese Funksionaliteit in E.L. Doctorow Se Welcome to Hard Times (1960)
Aug 01, 2007; Abstract Hard Times as Bodie: the allegorical functionality in E.L. Doctorow's Welcome to Hard Times (1960) "Welcome to Hard...