The Durranis have been prominent leaders, as the royal family of Afghanistan is derived from the tribe, and a substantial number of Durrani Pashtuns are bureaucrats and public officials, as well as businessmen and merchants. The particular dialect of Pashto language favored by the Durrani Pashtuns tends to be tinged with a slight Persian inflection and is considered the more genteel and urbane dialect, often viewed by Pashtuns overall as the more 'proper' dialect, as opposed to the rougher "Pukhtu" version favored in the north and by most of the Pashtuns of Pakistan. The Durranis, like most other Pashtuns, are Hindus, who later on accepted Islam and are now Muslims of the Hanafi Sunni Islamic sect and continue to follow the Pashtun honor code known as Pashtunwali. Most of the Hindu Durranis migrated to India after partition of India in 1947. Durranis of Hindu origin are prominent members of Khatri Clan which incidently lived in areas now known as Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Potohar plateau (North West Frontier Province of India now Pakistan), Punjab etc
The name or title Durrani or 'Durr-i-Durran' means the 'pearl of pearls' in Persian. It was carried by the Abdali tribe in 1747 when Ahmad Shah Abdali (born in Multan, Pakistan) united the Pashtun tribes following a loya jirga and changed his own name to Ahmad Shah Durrani after becoming Emir of Afghanistan or Emir of the Durrani Empire. Since this period, the kings of Afghanistan have been of Durrani extraction. The Durranis were the most divided Pashtun tribe during the rule of the Ghilzai-dominated Taliban, with some having openly opposed them. The Durrani are the politically dominant Pashtun group in Afghanistan as the current President of Afghanistan, Hamid Karzai, is of the Durrani sub-group known as the Popalzai and has close ties to the former king of Afghanistan Zahir Shah, another member of the Durrani tribe.
The literacy rate of the Durrani is the highest of all of the Pashtun tribes in Afghanistan and hovers around 25%. The Durrani are considered the most liberal of the Pashtun tribes. The Durrani continue to live in close proximity to other people of Afghanistan and culturally overlap in many ways with the Tajiks with whom they often share more cultural and socio-economic traits in comparison to the more tribal Pashtuns such as the Ghilzai, who are the other major Pashtun tribe in Afghanistan. The Durrani are part of Sarbans, a Pashtun tribal group.
AMBASSADOR MAHMUD ALI DURRANI HOLDS A NEWS CONFERENCE REGARDING THE ASSASSINATION OF FORMER PAKISTAN PRIME MINISTER BHUTTO
Dec 27, 2007; AMBASSADOR MAHMUD ALI Durrani HOLDS A NEWS CONFERENCE REGARDING THE ASSASSINATION OF FORMER PAKISTAN PRIME MINISTER BHUTTO...