Definitions

Direct mate

Fairy chess

Fairy chess is a term in a chess problem which expands classical (also called orthodox) chess problems which are not direct mates. The term was introduced before the First World War. While selfmate dates from the Middle Age, helpmate was invented by Max Lange in the late 19th century. Thomas Dawson (1889-1951), pioneer of fairy chess, invented many fairy pieces and new conditions. He was also problem editor of The Fairy Chess Review (1930-1951).

Prichard in 'Encyclopedia of Chess Variants' [ISBN-0-9524142-0-1 1994] acknowledges that the term is sometimes used for games although it is more usually to problems where the board, pieces or rules are changed to express an idea or theme impossible in orthochess'.

Types of fairy chess problems

There are the following types of fairy chess problems:

Consider FIDE Albums: all problems divide in eight sections: directmates (2-movers, 3-movers and moremovers), endgame studies, selfmates, helpmates, fairy chess and retro and mathematical problems.

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