Diplomats and Military Commanders for Change
is an ad hoc
organization in the United States
of 27 retired Foreign Service
and U.S. military
officers. The group was formed on June 16
, at the National Press Club
, when the group published an open letter that stated that President George W. Bush
had "failed in the primary responsibilities of preserving national security and providing world leadership" and had harmed international relations so badly that only a new leader can repair them.
DMCC's letter also stated: "since we strongly oppose the re-election of George W. Bush, we obviously prefer the alternative, John F. Kerry."
This statement is especially noteworthy because several of the signatories had supported George W. Bush when he ran for President in 2000, and a large number were appointed to positions by Republican presidents, including Bush's father, President George H.W. Bush.
- Avis T. Bohlen, former Assistant Secretary of State for Arms Control and Ambassador to Bulgaria
- William J. Crowe, Ambassador to the United Kingdom under President Bill Clinton and chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff under President Ronald Reagan
- Jeffrey Davidow, former Ambassador to Zambia, Venezuela, and Mexico.
- William DePree, former Ambassador to Bangladesh and Mozambique
- Donald B. Easum, former Ambassador to Nigeria and Upper Volta
- Charles W. Freeman, former Ambassador to Saudi Arabia
- William Harrop, the first President Bush's Ambassador to Israel
- Arthur A. Hartman, Ambassador to France under President Carter and to the USSR under President Reagan
- Joseph Hoar, former Commander of U.S. forces in the Middle East
- H. Allen Holmes, former Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and former Ambassador to Portugal
- Robert V. Keeley, former Ambassador to Greece, Zimbabwe, and Mauritius
- Samuel Lewis, former Ambassador to Israel
- Princeton N. Lyman, former Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs, and Ambassador to South Africa and Nigeria
- Donald McHenry, former Ambassador to the United Nations
- Merrill McPeak, former Air Force Chief of Staff
- Jack F. Matlock, Jr., a member of the National Security Council under Reagan and Ambassador to the Soviet Union from 1987 to 1991
- George Moose, former Ambassador to Senegal and Benin
- David D. Newsom, former Ambassador to the Philippines and Indonesia
- Phyllis Oakley, former Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research
- Robert B. Oakley, former Ambassador to Pakistan, Somalia and Zaire
- James D. Phillips, former Ambassador to Congo and Burundi
- John Reinhardt, former Director of the United States Information Agency and Ambassador to Nigeria
- William Y. Smith, former Chief of Staff for Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe
- Ronald I. Spiers, Under Secretary General of the United Nations for Political Affairs and former Ambassador to the Bahamas, Turkey, and Pakistan
- Michael Sterner, former Ambassador to the United Arab Emirates
- Stansfield Turner, former Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
- Alexander Watson, former Ambassador to Brazil and Peru
Originally 26 members, Robert B. Oakley was announced as the 27th member June 15, 2004.