Dingy Bushbrown

List of butterflies in Taiwan

At least 377 species of butterfly have been recorded in Taiwan, with some reports putting the number at over 400. Of these, 56 species are endemic to the island.

Following is a list of all butterflies found in Taiwan.

Family Hesperiidae

Subfamily Coeliadinae

  1. Brown AwlBadamia exclamationis (Fabricius, 1775)
  2. Bibasis jaina formosana (Fruhstorfer, 1911) - formerly Burara
  3. Indian Awl KingChoaspes benjaminii formosanus (Fruhstorfer, 1911)
  4. Choaspes xanthopogon chrysopterus Hsu, 1988
  5. Slate AwlHasora anura taiwana Hsu, Tsukiyama & Chiba, 2005
  6. Common AwlHasora badra (Moore, 1858)
  7. Banded AwlHasora chromus(Cramer, 1782)
  8. White-banded AwlHasora taminatus vairacana Fruhstorfer, 1911

Subfamily Hesperiinae

  1. Aeromachus bandaishanus Murayama & Shimonoya, 1968 ※Endemic
  2. Aeromachus inachus formosana Matsumura, 1931
  3. Aeromachus matsudai (Murayama, 1943) ※Endemic
  4. Bush HopperAmpittia dioscorides etura (Mabille, 1891)
  5. Striped Bush HopperAmpittia virgata miyakei Matsumura, 1910
  6. Formosan SwiftBorbo cinnara (Wallace, 1866)
  7. Colon SwiftCaltoris bromus yanuca (Fruhstorfer, 1911)
  8. Dark SwiftCaltoris cahira austeni (Moore, 1883)
  9. Banana SkipperErionota torus Evans, 1941
  10. Halpe gamma Evans, 1937
  11. Shiny-spotted BobIsoteinon lamprospilus formosanus Fruhstorfer, 1911
  12. Restricted DemonNotocrypta curvifascia (C. & R. Felder, 1862)
  13. Notocrypta feisthamelii (Boisduval, 1832)
    1. N. f. alinkara Fruhstorfer, 1911
    2. N. f. arisana Sonan, 1930
  14. Ochlodes bouddha yuchingkinus Matsuyama & Shimonoya, 1963
  15. Ochlodes formosanus (Matsumura, 1919) ※Endemic
  16. Onryza maga takeuchii (Matsumura, 1929)
  17. Oriental Straight SwiftParnara bada (Moore, 1878)
  18. Common Straight SwiftParnara guttata (Bremer & Grey, 1852)
  19. Little Branded SwiftPelopidas agna (Moore, 1866)
  20. Conjoined SwiftPelopidas conjuncta (Herrich-Schäffer, 1869)
  21. Small Branded SwiftPelopidas mathias oberthueri Evans, 1937
  22. Pelopidas sinensis (Mabille, 1877)
  23. Polytremis eltola tappana (Matsumura, 1919)
  24. Polytremis kiraizana (Sonan, 1938) ※Endemic
  25. Contiguous SwiftPolytremis lubricans taiwana Matsumura, 1919 ※Endemic
  26. Polytremis theca asahinai Shirozu, 1952
  27. Polytremis zina taiwana Murayama, 1981
  28. Chinese DartPotanthus confucius angustatus (Matsumura, 1910)
  29. Potanthus diffusus Hsu, Tsukiyama & Chiba, 2005
  30. Potanthus motzui Hsu, Li, & Li, 1990 ※Endemic
  31. Yellow Band DartPotanthus pava (Fruhstorfer, 1911)
  32. Potanthus wilemanni (Evans, 1934) ※Endemic
  33. Pseudoborbo bevani (Moore, 1878)
  34. Indian Palm BobSuastus gremius (Fabricius, 1798)
  35. Telicota bambusae horisha Evans, 1934
  36. Pale Palm DartTelicota colon bayashikeii Tsukiyama, Chiba & Fujioka, 1997
  37. Dark Palm DartTelicota ohara formosana Fruhstorfer, 1911
  38. Thoressa horishana (Matsumura, 1910) ※Endemic
  39. Udaspes folus (Cramer, 1775)

Subfamily Pyrginae

  1. Magpie FlatAbraximorpha davidii ermasis Fruhstorfer, 1914
  2. Celaenorrhinus chihhsiaoi Hsu, 1990 ※Endemic
  3. Celaenorrhinus horishanus Shirozu, 1960 ※Endemic
  4. Celaenorrhinus kurosawai Shirozu, 1960 ※Endemic
  5. Celaenorrhinus maculosus (C. & R. Felder, 1919)
  6. Celaenorrhinus osculus major Hsu, 1990
  7. Celaenorrhinus pulomaya formosanus Fruhstorfer, 1909
  8. Celaenorrhinus ratna Fruhstorfer, 1908
  9. Coladenia pinsbukana (Shimonoya & Murayama, 1976) ※Endemic
  10. Daimio tethys niitakana Matsumura, 1907
  11. Lobocla bifasciata kodairai Sonan, 1936
  12. Pseudocoladenia dan sadakoe (Sonan & Mitono, 1936)
  13. Satarupa formosibia Strand, 1927 ※Endemic
  14. Satarupa majasra Fruhstorfer, 1910
  15. Seseria formosana (Fruhstorfer, 1909) ※Endemic
  16. Tagiades cohaerens Mabille, 1914
  17. Tagiades trebellius martinus Plotz, 1884

Family Papilionidae

Subfamily Papilioninae

Family Pieridae

Subfamily Coliadinae

  1. Lemon EmigrantCatopsilia pomona (Fabricius, 1775)
  2. Mottled EmigrantCatopsilia pyranthe (Linnaeus, 1758)
  3. Catopsilia scylla cornelia (Fabricius, 1787) ※Exotics
  4. Colias erate formosana Shirozu, 1955
  5. Eurema alitha esakii Shirozu, 1953
  6. Eurema andersonii godana (Fruhstorfer, 1910)
  7. Three-spot Grass YellowEurema blanda arsakia (Fruhstorfer, 1910)
  8. Small Grass YellowEurema brigitta hainana (Moore, 1878)
  9. Common Grass YellowEurema hecabe (Linnaeus, 1758)
  10. Spotless Grass YellowEurema laeta punctissima (Matsumura, 1909)
  11. Gonepteryx amintha formosana (Fruhstorfer, 1908)
  12. Gonepteryx taiwana Paravicini, 1913 ※Endemic

Subfamily Pierinae

  1. Aporia agathon moltrechti (Oberthür, 1909)
  2. Aporia gigantea cheni Hsu & Chou, 1999
  3. Aporia potanini insularis Shirozu, 1959
  4. Common AlbatrossAppias albina semperi (Moore, 1905)
  5. Appias indra aristoxemus Fruhstorfer, 1908
  6. Chocolate AlbatrossAppias lyncida formosana (Wallace, 1866)
  7. Appias nero domitia (C. & R. Felder, 1862) ※Vagrants
  8. Appias olferna peducaea Fruhstorfer, 1910 ※Vagrants
  9. Appias paulina minato (Fruhstorfer, 1898)
  10. Cepora aspasia olga (Eschscholtz, 1821) ※Exotics
  11. Common GullCepora coronis cibyra (Fruhstorfer, 1910)
  12. Cepora nandina eunama (Fruhstorfer, 1903)
  13. Delias berinda wilemani Jordan, 1925
  14. Painted JezebelDelias hyparete luzonensis C. & R. Felder, 1862
  15. Delias lativitta formosana Matsumura, 1909
  16. Red-base JezebelDelias pasithoe curasena Fruhstorfer, 1908
  17. Great Orange TipHebomoia glaucippe formosana Fruhstorfer, 1908
  18. Yellow Orange TipIxias pyrene insignis Butler, 1879
  19. PsycheLeptosia nina niobe (Wallace, 1866)
  20. Indian Cabbage WhitePieris canidia (Sparrman, 1768)
  21. Cabbage WhitePieris rapae crucivora Boisduval, 1836
  22. Spotted SawtoothPrioneris thestylis formosana Fruhstorfer, 1908
  23. Saletara panda nathalia (C. & R. Felder, 1862) ※Vagrants
  24. Naga WhiteTalbotia naganum karumii (Ikeda, 1937)

Family Lycaenidae

Subfamily Curetinae

  1. Curetis acuta formosana Fruhstorfer, 1908
  2. Curetis brunnea Wileman, 1909 ※Endemic

Subfamily Lycaeninae

  1. Heliophorus ila matsumurae (Fruhstorfer, 1908)

Subfamily Miletinae

Subfamily Polyommatinae

Subfamily Riodininae

  1. Abisara burnii etymander (Fruhstorfer, 1908)
  2. Dodona eugenes (Guerin, 1843)
    1. D. e. esakii Shirozu, 1952
    2. D. e. formosana Matsumura, 1919

Subfamily Theclinae

Family Nymphalidae

Subfamily Acraeinae

  1. Yellow CosterAcraea issoria formosana (Fruhstorfer, 1912)

Subfamily Amathusiinae

  1. Large FaunDiscophora sondaica (Boisduval, 1836) ※Exotics
  2. Common DufferFaunis eumeus (Drury, 1773) ※Exotics
  3. Stichophthalma howqua formosana Fruhstorfer, 1908

Subfamily Apaturinae

  1. Chitoria chrysolona (Fruhstorfer, 1908)
  2. Chitoria ulupi arakii (Naritomi, 1959)
  3. Helcyra plesseni (Fruhstorfer, 1912) ※Endemic
  4. Helcyra superba takamukui Matsumura, 1919
  5. Red Ring SkirtHestina assimilis formosana (Moore, 1895)
  6. Sasakia charonda formosana Shirozu, 1963
  7. Eastern CourtierSephisa chandra androdamas Fruhstorfer, 1908
  8. Sephisa daimio Matsumura, 1910 ※Endemic
  9. Timelaea albescens formosana Fruhstorfer, 1908

Subfamily Calinaginae

  1. Calinaga buddha formosana Fruhstorfer, 1908

Subfamily Charaxinae

  1. Great NawabPolyura eudamippus formosana (Rothschild, 1899)
  2. Polyura narcaea meghaduta (Fruhstorfer, 1908)

Subfamily Danainae

Subfamily Libytheinae

  1. Libythea celtis formosana Fruhstorfer, 1909
  2. Libythea geoffroy philippina Staudinger, 1889 ※Vagrants

Subfamily Nymphalinae

Subfamily Satyrinae

  1. Common PalmflyElymnias hypermnestra hainana Moore, 1878
  2. Lethe bojonia Fruhstorfer, 1913
  3. Lethe butleri periscelis Fruhstorfer, 1908
  4. Lethe chandica ratnacri Fruhstorfer, 1908
  5. Lethe christophi hanako Fruhstorfer, 1908
  6. Lethe diana australis Naritomi, 1943
  7. Bamboo TreebrownLethe europa pavida Fruhstorfer, 1908
  8. Lethe gemina zaitha Fruhstorfer, 1914
  9. Lethe insana formosana Fruhstorfer, 1908
  10. Lethe mataja Fruhstorfer, 1908 ※Endemic
  11. Common Tree BrownLethe rohria daemoniaca Fruhstorfer, 1908
  12. Straight-banded TreebrownLethe verma cintamani Fruhstorfer, 1848
  13. Common Evening BrownMelanitis leda (Linnaeus, 1758)
  14. Dark Evening BrownMelanitis phedima polishana Fruhstorfer, 1908
  15. Minois nagasawae (Matsumura, 1906) ※Endemic
  16. Mycalesis francisca formosana Fruhstorfer, 1908
  17. Mycalesis gotama nanda Fruhstorfer, 1908
  18. Dark-banded BushbrownMycalesis mineus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  19. Dingy BushbrownMycalesis perseus blasius (Fabricius, 1798)
  20. Single Ring BushbrownMycalesis sangaica mara Fruhstorfer, 1908
  21. Mycalesis suaveolens kagina Fruhstorfer, 1908
  22. South China BushbrownMycalesis zonata Matsumura, 1909
  23. Neope armandii lacticolora (Fruhstorfer, 1908)
  24. Neope bremeri taiwana Matsumura, 1919
  25. Muirhead's LadyrinthNeope muirheadi nagasawae Matsumura, 1919
  26. Neope pulaha didia Fruhstorfer, 1909
  27. Palaeonympha opalina macrophthalmia Fruhstorfer, 1911
  28. Penthema formosanum (Rothschild, 1898)
  29. Ypthima akragas Fruhstorfer, 1911 ※Endemic
  30. Ypthima angustipennis Takahashi, 2000 ※Endemic
  31. Common Five-ringYpthima baldus zodina (Fruhstorfer, 1911)
  32. Ypthima conjuncta yamanakai Sonan, 1938
  33. Ypthima esakii Shirozu, 1960 ※Endemic
  34. Ypthima formosana Fruhstorfer, 1908 ※Endemic)
  35. Large Three-ringYpthima motschulskyi (Bremer & Grey, 1853)
  36. Ypthima multistriata Butler, 1883
  37. Small Three-ringYpthima norma posticalis Matsumura, 1909 ※Extinct
  38. Ypthima okurai (Okano, 1962)
  39. Common Four-ringYpthima praenubilia
    1. Y. p. kanonis Matsumura, 1929
    2. Y. p. neobilia Murayama, 1980
  40. Ypthima tappana Matsumura, 1909
  41. Ypthima wangi Lee, 1998 ※Endemic
  42. Zophoessa dura neoclides (Fruhstorfer, 1909)
  43. Zophoessa niitakana (Matsumura, 1906) ※Endemic
  44. Zophoessa siderea kanoi (Esaki & Nomura, 1937)

References

  • . 1997. The life histories of Asian butterflies vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo.

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