Germany was the first country worldwide that introduced a demerit point system (legal implementation in 1974).
The threshold(s) to determine additional penalties may vary based on the driver's experience level, prior driving record, age, educational level attained, and other factors. In particular, it is common to set a lower threshold for young, inexperienced motorists.
In some jurisdictions, points can also be added if the driver is found to be significantly at fault in a traffic accident. Points can be removed from a driver's score by the simple passage of time, by a period of time with no violations or accidents, or by the driver's completion of additional drivers' training or traffic safety training.
Major traffic offenses, such as hit and run or drunk driving may or may not be handled within the point system. Such offenses often carry a mandatory suspension of driving privileges, and may incur other serious penalties such as imprisonment.
In the United States, aspects of a motorists driving record (including points) may be reported to insurance companies; who may then use a motorists score in determining what rate to charge the motorist, and/or whether or not to renew or cancel an insurance policy.
Drivers reaching 8 points in two years loses the driving permit for 6 months. Each dot is deleted when two years has passed since the violation took place. Currently the system is debated and malfunctioning. Some drivers still has not got their driving permit withdrawn even after receiving eight or more dots. Suggestions have been made to reduce the 8 dots limit to 6.
The driving license authorities of the federal states are responsible for enforcing the penalty points system. The system provides for the following graded measures. Points rebate is only possible by voluntary measures once within 5 years. It is not possible to accumulate positive points. The date of issue of the participation certificate is decisive for the number of points and the calculation of the five-year period.
|4 to 8||Voluntary attendance at a constructive seminar||4 points|
|9 to 13||A caution is issued with a reference to voluntary attendance at a constructive seminar.||After voluntary attendance: 2 points|
|14 to 17||Mandatory attendance at a constructive seminar, if the person concerned has not attended a constructive seminar within the last 5 years.||After mandatory attendance at the seminar a second written caution is issued with a reference to voluntary participation in a traffic psychologist‘s counselling. After voluntary participation: 2 points|
|18 and more||Driving permit is withdrawn|
Cancellation of entries/Cancellation of points
When the entry is taken off, the points are also deleted. The entries are always taken off the records once the fixed periods laid down in the traffic law (§ 29 StVG) have expired. The entry of a decision concerning an offence cannot be deleted as long as the person concerned is stored in the Central Register of Driving Permits as the holder of a beginner driver’s license (FaP).
Start of cancellation period
The period of time begins for sentences passed by courts with the day of the first verdict. When a driving permit has been denied or withdrawn or a driving ban has been imposed or if the permit has been renounced, the cancellation period does not begin until the driving permit is issued or re-issued, at the latest 5 years after the decision or the renunciation.
After attendance at a constructive seminar or a traffic psychologist's counselling, the suspension period begins on the day the certificate of attendance is issued. If a driving permit is revoked, the period begins on the day the notification is received at the responsible authority.
Records are deleted when the cancellation period plus an extension period of one year has elapsed, provided no other decisions hamper cancellation. Cancellation occurs automatically without an application having to be made. No notification of cancellation is sent out. Deleted entries are completely destroyed, therefore no information can be given on them at a later date.
|2||For decisions on traffic offences|
|5||For decisions on criminal acts with the exception of DUI. Also excepted are decisions whereby a driving permit has been withdrawn or a driving ban has been imposed.|
|10||In all other cases (e. g. exceptions to the 5-year period, renunciation of driving permit, denial of driving permit).|
Points are issued by the National Safety Council for a list of 36 traffic offenses, ranging from 1 point for minor offenses up to 5 points, generally for serious offenses requiring a court visit. Once 12 points are accumulated, the driver gets an automatic 6 month driving ban. Points lapse after 3 years. Drivers may be banned outside of the system - such as for drink driving, dangerous driving and excessive speeding, most of which have no points amount.
31 of the 36 offenses carry fines which can be paid within 28 days, or appealed against - if the appeal is lost the points applied are doubled. The remaining 5 offenses require a court appearance at all times. All offenses also carry monetary fines
To date, 98 people have been banned for reaching 12 points, while 496,217 others have received 1 to 11 points. 131,988 of these did not hold a driving licenses at the time they received the points, or were otherwise disqualified.
Moves are underway to allow interchange of points between Ireland and the United Kingdom (respectively the only countries each has a land border with), as currently drivers can commit motoring offenses in one territory while holding a license from the other with no repercussions.
Drivers who accumulate tickets for moving violations may be considered a negligent operator and could lose their right to drive. Major offenses, such as hit and run, reckless driving, and driving under the influence, earn 2 points and remain on record for seven years. Less serious offenses earn 1 point which remains for three years.
A driver is considered negligent if they accumulate:
Negligent drivers can be put on probation for one year (including a six month suspension) or lose their right to drive. At the end of the suspension or revocation period, drivers need to re-apply for a license to drive.
DMV will revoke a license after conviction for hit-and-run driving or reckle Suspension by Judge
A judge may suspend license following conviction for:
When a driver is cited for a traffic violation, the judge may offer the driver the opportunity to attend a Traffic Violator School. Drivers may participate once in any 18 month period to have a citation dismissed from their driving record this way.
Regardless of the number of points accumulated, many serious offenses involving a vehicle are punishable by heavy fines and/or imprisonment.
Colorado uses an accumulating point system. Suspension of driving priviliges can result from as few as 6 points in 12 months by a driver under 18 years old. Points remain on the driver's motor vehicle record for 7 years. Some motor vehicle offences carry 12 points per incident, which could result in immediate suspension of the drivers license. Multiple traffic violation convictions can also result in a suspension of the drivers license if a sufficient number of points are accumulated during a 12 month or 24 month period.
See the Colorado Division of Motor Vehicles Point Schedule http://www.revenue.state.co.us/mv_dir/formspdf/4665.pdf
During holiday periods, double demerit points apply for speeding, seatbelt and helmet-related offences. School zones attract more one more demerit point than other areas.
Drivers may choose to keep their licence on a 12 month good behaviour period. Drivers may not accrue any demerit points during that time, and any offences result in the licence being suspended for double the time it would have been suspended initially.
Different classes of licence can accrue different numbers of points before facing suspension:
Drivers may have the option of a good behaviour period, where they may only accrue 2 points. Drivers on good behaviour face suspension for double their original suspension if they violate their conditions.
Offences that accrue points include speeding, failing to obey a red traffic light or level crossing signal, failing to wear a seatbelt, drink driving, using a mobile phone, failure to display L or P plates, street racing, burnouts and causing damage.