Diaguita tribes were sometimes confederated, and sometimes at war against each other. When the Inca started extending their empire southwards during the 15th century, the Diaguita fiercely resisted the invasion.
They were unique at the time for their lack of a caste system, and lack of gold or other sumptuous goods. They tended to live in clans. For the most part the men were monogamous, with chiefs possibly practicing bigamy.
Diaguita peoples were one of the most advanced Pre-Columbian cultures in Argentina. They had sophisticated architectural and agricultural techniques, including irrigation, and are known for their ceramic art. They preferred the colours white, red and black. They mostly did not build large cities, but were sedentary farmers raising maize, pumpkins and beans, and herd animals such as llamas. They reflected the Andean culture they shared with the Inca. They worshipped the Sun, thunder and lightning.
Diaguita or Diaguita-Calchaquí is a generic name for a number of more or less closely related groups. Ethnographers have classified the group of peoples into three main divisions:
This is a list of the Diaguita tribes:
The Cacán language (or language group), spoken by Diaguitas and Calchaquíes, became extinct since the mid-17th century or beginning of 18th century. Its genetic classification remains unclear. The language was supposedly documented by the Jesuit Alonso de Bárcena, but the manuscript is lost.
ARTE VISUAL, ESPACIO Y PODER: MANEJO INCAICO DE LA ICONOGRAFÍA CERÁMICA EN DISTINTOS ASENTAMIENTOS DE LA FASE DIAGUITA INKA EN EL VALLE DE ILLAPEL/ VISUAL ART, SPACE AND POWER: INKA CERAMIC ICONOGRAPHY FROM SEVERAL DIAGUITA-INKA SETTLEMENTS IN ILLAPEL VALLEY
Jul 01, 2004; En este trabajo se discute la estructura de los diseños cerámicos Diaguita Inka así como la distributión de estos...
DE ROSTROS A ESPACIOS COMPOSITIVOS: UNA PROPUESTA ESTILÍSTICA PARA EL VALLE DE CHALINGA, CHILE*/ FROM FACES TO COMPOSITIONAL SPACE: A STYLISTIC PROPOSAL FOR THE CHALINGA VALLEY, CHILE
Jan 01, 2011; Presentamos un estudio del arte rupestre del valle de Chalinga a travÃ©s del anÃ¡lisis detallado de motivos anÃ¡logos a las...