Based on commuting patterns, the Office of Management and Budget also defines a wider region consisting of the New York metropolitan area plus five adjacent metropolitan areas. The area is known as the New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area (CSA), with an estimated population of 21,961,994 as of 2007. About one out of every fifteen Americans resides in this region, which includes seven additional counties in New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut, and is often referred to as the Tri-state Area and less commonly the Tri-State Region (leaving out Pennsylvania). However, the New York City television designated market area (DMA) includes Pike County, Pennsylvania.
This wider region includes the largest city in the United States (New York), the five largest cities in New Jersey (Newark, Jersey City, Elizabeth, Paterson, and Trenton) and five of the six largest cities in Connecticut (Bridgeport, New Haven, Stamford, Waterbury, and Norwalk). The total land area of the extended metropolitan area is .
The counties and county groupings comprising the New York metropolitan area are listed below with 2007 U.S. Census Bureau estimates of their populations.
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area (18,815,988)
In addition to the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, the following Metropolitan Statistical Areas are also included in the New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area (total pop. 21,903,623):
The area is frequently categorized and referenced according to geographic factors:
All five areas can be (and often are) further divided. For instance, Long Island can be divided into the South and North Shores (usually when speaking about Nassau County), Western Suffolk, and the East End. The Hudson Valley and Connecticut are sometimes grouped together and referred to as the Northern Suburbs, largely because of the shared usage of Metro-North Railroad.
Sixty-three percent of the population (13,730,534) lives in the 43% of the land area that is east of the Ambrose Channel/The Narrows/Hudson River; Thirty-seven percent of the population (8,128,296) lives in the 57% of the land area that is west of the Ambrose Channel/The Narrows/Hudson River.
|Urbanized Area||State(s)|| 2000|
The Long Island Rail Road (LIRR), the busiest commuter railroad in the United States, is operated by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), an agency of New York State. It has two major terminals at Pennsylvania Station in Midtown Manhattan and Flatbush Avenue in Downtown Brooklyn, with a minor terminal at Long Island City station and a major transfer point at Jamaica station in Queens.
Metro-North Railroad (MNRR), the second busiest commuter railroad in the United States, is also operated by the MTA, but in conjunction with the Connecticut Department of Transportation and New Jersey Transit. Its major terminal is Grand Central Terminal. Trains on the Port Jervis Line and Pascack Valley Line terminate at Hoboken Terminal; commuters may transfer at Secaucus Junction for New Jersey Transit trains to New York Pennsylvania Station.
New Jersey Transit (NJT), the third busiest commuter railroad in the United States by passenger miles and also third in trips when direct operated and purchased transportation services are both included (fourth if only direct operated are included) , is operated by the New Jersey Transit Corporation, an agency of New Jersey, in conjunction with Metro-North and Amtrak. A map of the system can be found here It has major terminals at Pennsylvania Station in Manhattan, Hoboken Terminal in Hoboken, and Pennsylvania Station in Newark, with a major transfer point at Secaucus Junction. New Jersey transit also operates a light rail system in Hudson County, as well as the Newark Light Rail.
Major stations in the metropolitan area are:
|Pennsylvania Station (New York)||LIRR, NJT, Amtrak||New York||Terminal and Transfer|
|Grand Central Terminal||MNRR||New York||Terminal|
|Pennsylvania Station (Newark)||NJT, Amtrak||Essex||Terminal and Transfer|
|Atlantic Terminal at Flatbush Avenue||LIRR||Kings||Terminal|
|Jamaica Station||LIRR||Queens||Terminal and Transfer|
|New Haven Union Station||MNRR, Amtrak, Connecticut Shoreline East||New Haven||Terminal and Transfer|
|Trenton Station||NJT, Amtrak, SEPTA||Trenton||Terminal and Transfer|
The following table shows all train lines operated by these commuter railroads in the New York metropolitan area. New Jersey Transit operates an additional train line in the Philadelphia metropolitan area. (Shown counterclockwise from the Atlantic Ocean):
|Line or Branch||Railroad||Counties|
|Far Rockaway||LIRR||Queens, Nassau|
|West Hempstead||LIRR||Queens, Nassau|
|Ronkokoma (Main Line)||LIRR||Nassau, Suffolk|
|Port Jefferson||LIRR||Nassau, Suffolk|
|Port Washington||LIRR||Queens, Nassau|
|New Haven||MNRR, Shore Line East||Westchester, Fairfield, New Haven|
|Harlem||MNRR||New York, Bronx, Westchester, Putnam, Dutchess|
|Hudson||MNRR||Bronx, Westchester, Putnam, Dutchess|
|Pascack Valley||MNRR, NJT||Hudson, Bergen, Passaic, Rockland, Orange|
|Port Jervis/Main Line/Bergen County||MNRR, NJT||Hudson, Bergen, Passaic, Rockland, Orange|
|Montclair-Boonton||NJT||New York, Hudson, Essex, Passaic, Morris, Warren|
|Morris & Essex (Morristown Line and Gladstone Branch)||NJT||New York, Hudson, Essex, Union, Morris, Somerset, Warren|
|Raritan Valley||NJT||Hudson, Essex, Union, Middlesex, Somerset, Hunterdon|
|Northeast Corridor and Princeton Branch||NJT, Amtrak||New York, Hudson, Essex, Union, Middlesex, Mercer|
|North Jersey Coast||NJT||New York, Hudson, Essex, Union, Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean|
Additionally, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, an agency of the states of New York and New Jersey, operates the PATH system. This heavy rail transportation service serves the counties of New York, Hudson and Essex. A map can be found here
|Airport||IATA code||ICAO code||County||State|
|John F. Kennedy International Airport||JFK||KJFK||Queens||New York|
|Newark Liberty International Airport||EWR||KEWR||Essex||New Jersey|
|LaGuardia Airport||LGA||KLGA||Queens||New York|
The following smaller airports are also in the metro area and provide daily commercial service:
|Airport||IATA code||ICAO code||County||State|
|Long Island MacArthur Airport||ISP||KISP||Suffolk||New York|
|Stewart International Airport||SWF||KSWF||Orange||New York|
|Tweed New Haven Regional Airport||HVN||KHVN||New Haven||Connecticut|
|Westchester County Airport||HPN||KHPN||Westchester||New York|
The New York metropolitan area hosts a religious diversity in line with its ethnic diversity. Houses of worship exist for numerous Christian denominations, especially Catholicism but also various churches within both Eastern Orthodoxy and Protestantism. New York has a large Jewish population, is a major center of Orthodox Judaism and is home to the headquarters of many Hasidic movements, particularly in the borough of Brooklyn. Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Sikhism, Taoism, and many other world religions have formal houses of worship in the area. Along with these religions, there are also many people who practice no religion at all.