Derby

Derby

[dur-bee; Brit. dahr-bee]
Derby, Edward George Geoffrey Smith Stanley, 14th earl of, 1799-1869, British statesman. Although a Whig, he entered (1827) government as George Canning's undersecretary for the colonies. As chief secretary for Ireland (1830-33) under the 2d Earl Grey, he favored firm measures to deal with Irish unrest, but he also supported Irish educational projects. Given the colonial office in 1833, he secured the abolition of slavery but resigned (1834) in a controversy over the government's Irish policy. Having become a Conservative, he served as Peel's colonial secretary (1841-45). Resigning because he opposed repeal of the corn laws, he became leader (with Lord George Bentinck and Benjamin Disraeli) of the Tory protectionists and headed two brief ministries (1852, 1858-59). Derby formed another government in 1866 with Disraeli as chancellor of the exchequer and leader in the House of Commons. Through Disraeli's initiative and skill the famous Reform Act of 1867 (see under Reform Acts) was passed. Derby never quite fulfilled the promise of his early brilliance; it was his lieutenant, Disraeli, who modernized the Conservative party in this era.

See studies by W. D. Jones (1956) and R. Stewart (1971).

Derby, Edward Henry Stanley, 15th earl of, 1826-93, British politician, son of the 14th earl. Although more liberal than his father, he held several positions in the latter's administrations, including foreign secretary (1866-68). He was foreign secretary again (1874-78) under Benjamin Disraeli, but resigned in protest against Disraeli's intervention in the Russo-Turkish war (1878). Derby later (1880) formally shifted his allegiance to the Liberal party and was colonial secretary (1882-85) under William Gladstone. He broke with the Gladstonian Liberals over the issue of Home Rule for Ireland and led the Liberal Unionists in the House of Lords until his retirement in 1891.
Derby, Elias Hasket, 1739-99, American merchant, b. Salem, Mass. He inherited the considerable wealth and maritime business that his father, Richard Derby (1712-83), also of Salem, had acquired in trade with Spain and the West Indies previous to the American Revolution. In the Revolution, Elias increased his wealth by fitting out a number of successful privateersmen. After the war he was a pioneer in exploring new trade routes, his ships being among the first to carry the Stars and Stripes to the Baltic and Asia. His most lucrative trade was with the island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean. The success of his enterprises was partly due to his wise selection of captains and supercargoes. His mansion, built in 1797 by Samuel McIntire, was reputed the finest in Salem in its day. His son, Elias Hasket Derby, Jr. (1766-1826), b. Salem, made several remarkable voyages for his father's firm and took over the business after his father's death.
Derby, James Stanley, 7th earl of, 1607-51, English nobleman. He sat in the House of Commons (1625-28), took his seat in the House of Lords as Baron Strange (succeeding his father as earl of Derby in 1642), and was made lord lieutenant of Wales. He did not take an active part in the Long Parliament, but once civil war became imminent he moved to secure Lancashire for the royalists. His plan, although sound at the time, was rejected by King Charles I, and later royalist attempts to capture northern towns were largely unsuccessful. He was impeached (1642) for high treason and fled (1643) to the Isle of Man. He joined Prince Rupert in invading Lancashire in 1644, but after the defeat of the royalists at Marston Moor he returned to Man, where he harbored royalist fugitives. After refusing (1649) to come to terms with Parliament, he fought for Charles II in the battle of Worcester, was captured, court-martialed, and executed.
Derby, Thomas Stanley, 1st earl of, 1435?-1504, English nobleman. During the Wars of the Roses, Stanley was ostensibly a supporter of the Lancastrian Henry VI, but he had Yorkist sympathies, having married Eleanor, sister of the Yorkist Richard Neville, earl of Warwick. In the battle of Blore Heath (1459), Stanley did not use his troops on the king's behalf; and in 1461, after the Yorkist Edward IV had become king, he was appointed chief justice of Cheshire. He managed to hold office continuously under both Edward IV and Richard III, becoming lord steward, a privy councilor, and constable of England—this despite his support of the brief Lancastrian restoration in 1471 and his marriage (1482) to Margaret Beaufort, the mother of Henry Tudor, the Lancastrian claimant to the throne. In the battle of Bosworth (1485) he took the field nominally in support of Richard III but took no part in the fighting; after the battle he crowned his stepson Henry VII on the battlefield. He was created (1485) earl of Derby and remained powerful at court until his death.
Derby, city (1991 pop. 218,026) and district, county seat of Derbyshire, central England, on the Derwent River. Manufactures include automobiles and airplane engines, pottery (see Derby ware), synthetic textiles, beer, machinery, and chemicals. The city is also an important rail center. Derby was a Roman settlement and, in the 9th cent., one of the Five Boroughs of the Danes. England's first silk mill was built there in 1718. Derby is the birthplace of the philosopher Herbert Spencer. Noteworthy are the Cathedral of All Saints, with its Perpendicular tower (1509-27), the Roman Catholic Church of St. Mary (designed by A. W. Pugin in 1838), the arboretum, the chapel of St. Mary of the Bridge, and a grammar school founded in 1160. The Univ. of Derby and a teacher-training college are also located in Derby.
Derby, city (1990 pop. 12,199), New Haven co., SW Conn., at the confluence of the Naugatuck and Housatonic rivers, opposite Shelton; founded 1642 as a trading post, inc. as a city 1893. Its copper industry and pin manufactures date from the 1830s.
Derby, English horse race, instituted (1780) by the 12th earl of Derby and held annually at Epsom Downs, near London. The race is open only to three-year-old colts and fillies that must be entered when yearlings. The original course is still used; it is one yard longer than one and one-half miles. Hundreds of thousands of spectators view the race each year. Other well-known races, notably the Kentucky Derby, held each year since 1875 at Churchill Downs, Louisville, Ky., have been named for the English classic.

(born March 29, 1799, Knowsley Park, Lancashire, Eng.—died Oct. 23, 1869, London) English statesman. Having entered Parliament as a Whig in 1820, he later joined the Conservatives and became leader of the Conservative Party (1846–68) and prime minister (1852, 1858, and 1866–68). Legislation adopted during his tenure included the removal of Jewish discrimination in Parliament membership, the transfer of India's administration from the East India Company to the crown, and the Reform Bill of 1867. He is remembered as one of England's greatest parliamentary orators.

Learn more about Derby, Edward (George Geoffrey Smith) Stanley, 14th earl of with a free trial on Britannica.com.

One of the classic English horse races (established 1780), run in June over a 112-mi (2,400 m) course at Epsom Downs, Surrey. Many other horse races have been named for the Derby (e.g., the Kentucky Derby), and the term itself has come to signify a race or contest of any type.

Learn more about Derby with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Derby is a census-designated place (CDP) in Adams County, Colorado, United States. The population was 6,423 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Derby is located at (39.838785, -104.917082).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.2 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 6,423 people, 2,061 households, and 1,572 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 3,920.8 people per square mile (1,512.2/km²). There were 2,145 housing units at an average density of 1,309.4/sq mi (505.0/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 68.39% White, 1.53% African American, 2.69% Native American, 0.87% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 21.56% from other races, and 4.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 47.27% of the population.

There were 2,061 households out of which 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.7% were non-families. 18.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.06 and the average family size was 3.45.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 29.6% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 107.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 110.4 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $38,571, and the median income for a family was $41,156. Males had a median income of $28,354 versus $24,792 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $13,844. About 9.7% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 15.3% of those age 65 or over.

See also

References

External links

Search another word or see Derbyon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature