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Denikin, Anton (Ivanovich)

Denikin, Anton (Ivanovich)

(born Dec. 16, 1872, near Warsaw, Pol., Russian Empire—died Aug. 8, 1947, Ann Arbor, Mich., U.S.) Russian general. A professional in the imperial Russian army, he was a lieutenant-general in World War I. After the Russian Revolution of 1917, he and Lavr Kornilov were arrested for conspiring to overthrow the provisional government. They fled south to the Don River region and assumed command of the anti-Bolshevik (“White”) forces in the Russian Civil War. In 1919 Denikin launched a major offensive toward Moscow, but his forces were defeated by the Red Army at Orel. Forced to retreat, he turned over his command to Pyotr Wrangel (1920), then fled Russia and later settled in France.

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