De Jonge v. Oregon
, 299 U.S. 353
(1937), was a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States
held that the Fourteenth Amendment
's due process
clause applies to freedom of assembly
. The Court found that Dirk de Jonge had the right to organize a Communist Party
and to speak at its meetings, even though the party advocated industrial or political change in revolution. However, in the 1950s with the fear of communism
on the rise the Court ruled in Dennis v. United States
(1951) that Eugene Dennis, who was the leader of the Communist Party
, violated the Smith Act
by advocating the forcible overthrow of the United States government.
- Chafee, Zechariah (1941). Free Speech in the United States. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
- Friendly, Fred; Elliott, Martha (1984). The Constitution: That Delicate Balance. New York: Random House.