David, Gerard

David, Gerard

David or Davit, Gerard, c.1460-1523, Flemish painter, b. Oudewater, Holland. By 1484 he had established himself in Bruges, where he remained until his death. Dependent on the art of earlier Flemish painters, such as Jan van Eyck and Robert Campin, his work displays a uniform tenderness and grace. Among his notable paintings are the Madonna Enthroned (Louvre); the Virgin among the Virgins (1509, Rouen); the Mystic Marriage of St. Catherine (National Gall., London); the Annunciation (Metropolitan Mus.); and the Deposition (Frick Coll., New York City).

See E. Panofsky, Early Netherlandish Painting (1953).

“Virgin and Child with Saints and Donor,” panel painting by Gerard David, c. elipsis

(born circa 1460, Oudewater, Neth.—died Aug. 13, 1523, Bruges) Netherlandish painter. He worked mainly in Bruges, where he entered the painters' guild in 1484 and became dean in 1501. He became the city's leading painter after the death of Hans Memling. Most of his works are altarpieces and other panels featuring traditional religious themes, but his best-known paintings, The Judgment of Cambyses and The Flaying of Sisamnes (1498), deal with the theme of justice; they originally hung in the town hall of Bruges. His works are among the earliest Flemish paintings to feature the Italian Renaissance iconography of putti (male child angels) and garlands.

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This article is about the English name, for other uses see David (disambiguation).

David is a common English male given name and surname. The name "David" (generally pronounced "DAY-vid" in modern English, but also pronounced like "Da-VEE" in other languages, such as the Romance languages) is derived from the Biblical Hebrew name דָּוִד (); Tiberian Hebrew: Dāwiḏ), meaning "Beloved." The name occurs over 1000 times in the Hebrew Bible, making it the third most often-occurring name, after Moses and Abraham. In Israel, "Dudi" is a common nickname for David, in the same way Bill is for William in English..

The Arabic and Persian versions are Daud (pronounced " Da-ood") and Dawood (pronounced " Da-wood"), respectively. Both versions are used in Punjabi, Urdu, Bengali and also in Indonesia and Malaysia among Muslim families. The Quran has many references to Daud.

The Georgian version (or pronunciation) is Davit (pronounced Da-vit) but one usally says Dato (pronounced Da-to).

The old English and Irish version is Dowd, hence O'Dowd, suggesting an earlier export of Arabic Daud, via Moorish and Black Irish connections, to England and Ireland.

Name days are celebrated on 1 March (for St. David of Wales) and 29 December (for King David), as well as 25 June (St. David of Sweden), 26 June, 26 August, 11 December, and 30 December (Norway).

David is often shortened to "Davey/Davie/Davy" (additionally, in Wales, such variants as "Dafydd" and "Dewi" and such diminutives as "Dai", "Daf" and "Taff/Taffy" are fairly common, although "Dai" was formerly a name in its own right, meaning "shining" in Welsh, prior to the reign of King Henry VII). The oldest, most popular and most commonly-used diminutive form of "David" worldwide is "Dave", which first appeared in written form in the sixteenth century (but is probably much older). In South Africa and Australia it is also a common practice in the Jewish culture to apply the nicknames "Dovi" and "Dov". The nickname "Dave" has been used as a name in its own right in the 19th and 20th centuries, at least in the U.S. At the height of its popularity in the 1950s and early 1960s, the name Dave was bestowed upon more than 3000 infants each year. "Davo" is also used as a nickname, and is quite common in Australia, but in some cases is used for people with the surname Davidson.

Another less common variant is "Daveth", the origin of which is uncertain (but could be an anglicied form of the Welsh "Dafydd").

Female equivalents of the name David include "Davida" (no longer in common usage) and "Davina", the latter of which is very popular in the United Kingdom and Ireland. The girl's name "Davinia" may also have originated from David, though some have argued it is actually the female version of the Gaelic name 'Devin.'

Frequency information

  • Northern Ireland: "David" was the most popular masculine given name for newborns in 1975 and had dropped into a fluctuating rank around 20th in the first few years of the 21st Century.

People with the given name David

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