[dam-rosh; for 1 also Ger. dahm-rawsh]
Damrosch, Frank Heino, 1859-1937, German-American conductor and educator, attended the College of the City of New York; son of Leopold Damrosch. In 1885, after a few years in Denver, he became chorus master and assistant conductor of the Metropolitan Opera, New York City, remaining in that position until 1891. He organized the Musical Art Society, an a cappella chorus, in 1893. He supervised (1897-1905) the music of the public schools of New York and conducted (1898-1912) the Oratorio Society and the Symphony Concerts for Young People. His most important work was the founding in 1905, with James Loeb, of the Institute of Musical Art (later a unit of the Juilliard School), which he directed until 1933.
Damrosch, Leopold, 1832-85, German conductor. After taking a degree in medicine, he became (1857) first violinist in the ducal orchestra at Weimar, where he was a friend of Liszt and Wagner. In 1871 he came to New York City, where he founded the Oratorio Society in 1873 and the New York Symphony Society in 1878, conducting both until his death. He introduced (1884) German opera at the Metropolitan, New York City, and led American premières of works by Brahms and Wagner.
Damrosch, Walter Johannes, 1862-1950, German-American conductor and composer; son of Leopold Damrosch. At his father's death in 1885, he finished the season as conductor of the Metropolitan Opera, New York City, and conducted there with Anton Seidl until 1891. In 1894 he organized the Damrosch Opera Company, which introduced opera in many American cities. In 1900 he returned to the Metropolitan for two seasons. After a season with the New York Philharmonic, he conducted the New York Symphony. When the two orchestras merged, he stayed on as the director, leaving in 1927 to devote his time to radio broadcasting. His outstanding contribution in that field was his series of children's concerts during school hours. He also composed music for the theater and several operas, notably Cyrano de Bergerac (1913) and The Man Without a Country (1937).
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