) is one of the governorates
. It is in the north of the country. Its capital is the city of Damietta
. The governorate of Damietta is famous for its guava
farms, specially in the villages of Senaneyya and Kafr El-Battikh, as well as the palm trees that covers the coast from Ras El Bar
in the east to Gamasa in the west, and from the sea in the north to Reyad village in the south. Palm trees exceeds one and a half million. Damietta exported about 1.2 million palm trees to many countries, especially Greece and China.
The governorate's area is 1.029 km² or about 5% of the Delta's area,and about 1% of the Egypt area. The occupied area is 589.2 km², the village has 546.4 km² from it or about 92.7%. It is famous of producing wheat, maize, cotton, rice, potatoes, lemon, grapes and tomatoes.
Its population – according to 1999 count – was 953,430, among of them is 691,687 with a percentage of 72,5% of the total population. The average rate of population growth is 2.09% per year.
The governorate consists of 4 central administrations, 10 cities, 35 local villager unit, 59 villages and 722 sub-villages (Kafr) . The names of the central administrations are Damietta Central (Markaz Dumyat), Faraskur Central (Markaz Faraskur), Zarqa Central (Markas Al-Zarqa), Kafr Saad Central (Markaz Kafr Saad).
The governorate includes 7 collages and institutes, 19 professional training centers, 657 pre-collage schools with a percent of 61% in the villages (ie. 403 schools) and 56 Azhar schools half of them are in the villages. It also has one of the oldest summer resorts in Egypt name (Ras el-Bar), at the area where the Mediterranean Sea and the Nile meet.
The Fifth and Seventh Crusade
The European Crusaders temporarily occupied the city for 2 years from 1219
, during the Fifth Crusade
. In the Seventh Crusade
and the Mamluks
soundly defeated the Crusaders.
is famous of its skilled carpenters and furniture, these productions are not sold only inside Egypt and Arab countries, but also in Europe and the USA. These productions are made in small to large workshops (Singular : Warsha – Arabic
: ورشة Plural : Werash – Arabic
: ورش ) that has a very skilled carpenters.
It's also famous of sweet making, sardine packing, and dairy products, especially Domiati cheese