, the feminine of "south, southern", but also "right-hand side, able, dexterous, clever") in the historical Vedic religion
is the term for the recompense paid by the sacrificer for the services of a priest
, originally consisting of a cow
. Dakshina is personified as a goddess along with Brahmanaspati
in RV 1
.18.5 and RV 10
.103.8, and is the reputed authoress of RV 10.107 according to the Anukramani
Gurudakshina refers to the tradition of repaying one's teacher or guru after a period of study or the completion of formal education. This tradition is one of acknowledgment, respect, and thanks. It is a form of reciprocity and exchange between student and teacher. The repayment is not exclusively monetary and may be a special task the teacher wants the student to accomplish.