He was the son of Rémi Martin and Éléonore Daigle and was educated at the College of Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pocatière. In 1887, he married Marie-Luce Daigle. He was a postmaster and custom officer for Saint-Basile. Martin also served as a member of the county council. He was elected to the provincial assembly the second time in a by-election held in December 1903.