Inlet of the Baltic Sea at the mouth of the Neman River. Its northern portion is in Lithuania and its southern portion lies in Kaliningrad province, Russia. With an area of 625 sq mi (1,619 sq km), it is connected to the Baltic by a navigable strait, on which is the Lithuanian port of Klaipeda.
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In the 13th century, the area around the lagoon was part of the ancestral lands of the Curonians and old Prussian people. Later it bordered the historical region of Lithuania Minor. At the northern end of the spit, there is a passage to the Baltic Sea, and the place was chosen by the Teutonic Knights in 1252 to found Memelburg castle and the city of Memel. The town is officially called Klaipėda since 1923 when the Memel Territory was separated from the German Empire.
As the new inter-war border, the river that flows into the Curonian Lagoon near Rusnė (German Ruß) was chosen. The river's lower 120km in Germany were called die Memel by Germans, while the upper part located in Lithuania was known as Nemunas River.
The border also separated the peninsula near the small holiday resort of Nida, Lithuania (German Nidden).
The southern part of spit and lagoon remained in Germany until 1945. This border remains today, as after World War II, the southern end of the split and the German area south of the River, the part of East Prussia with the town Königsberg located in Sambia, became part an exclave of Russia called Kaliningrad Oblast.
The Effects of Seawater on the Durability of Hydrotechnical (Concrete) Structures in the Port of Klaipeda/ Juros Vandens Poveikis Klaipedos Uosto Hidrotechniniu Statiniu (Betono) Ilgaamziskumui
Dec 01, 2012; 1. Introduction The Port of Klaipeda is the northernmost ice-free port on the Eastern Coast of the Baltic Sea. The Port is fast...