Croix, Carlos Francisco de Croix, marqués de
, 1699-1786, Spanish colonial administrator, b. Lille, France. As viceroy of New Spain (1766-71), he was a genial, honest, and industrious official, but the real ruler was José de Gálvez
, the Visitor-General. Many reforms were instituted; the Jesuits were expelled (1767); and the natives of NW Mexico were subdued in order to open the California frontier. His nephew, Teodoro de Croix,
1730-91, was military commander and provincial governor in Mexico before becoming viceroy of Peru (1784-90). He put into operation reforms in the administration of indigenous peoples that resulted indirectly from the revolt of Tupac Amaru
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