Cristóbal

Cristóbal

[kri-stoh-buhl]
Cristóbal, town, Colón prov., near the Caribbean end of the Panama Canal, Panama. Cristóbal is located in the former Panama Canal Zone and was the American residential suburb of Colón; it has been under Panamanian jurisdiction since 1979.
Vaca de Castro, Cristóbal, fl. 1540-45, Spanish colonial administrator in Peru. A judge of the royal audiencia at Valladolid, he was chosen by Charles V to restore order between the Pizarro and the Almagro factions. He was a man of integrity, sagacity, and courage. Arriving in 1541 and learning of the assassination of Francisco Pizarro, he assumed the governorship. Supported by Francisco de Carvajal, he put down the uprising headed by Almagro the younger (son of Diego de Almagro), who was defeated in 1542. Vaca de Castro was succeeded by the first viceroy of Peru, Núñez Vela, in 1544. The viceroy, suspecting Vaca de Castro of sympathizing with the rebellion of Gonzalo Pizarro, had him arrested. Returned to Spain in disgrace, Vaca de Castro was imprisoned for 12 years before he was cleared of all charges and restored to his honors. He probably died at some time after 1571.
Balenciaga, Cristóbal, 1895-1972, Spanish-born French fashion designer. He established houses of couture in Spain (1919-31) and Paris (1937-68) and quickly became couturier to Europe's royalty and aristocracy. He was noted for his huge evening coats with dolman sleeves; long, full skirts; tunic and chemise dresses; fitted dressmaker suits; pillbox hats; perfumes; scarves; the seven-eighths coat; and for the development of the fabric gazar, a heavily sized loosely woven silk.

See biography by L. E. Miller (1993, repr. 2007); memoir by M.-A. Jouve (1989, repr. 2004); P. Golbin and F. Baron, Balenciaga Paris (2006), and M. Walker, Balenciaga and His Legacy (2006).

Cristóbal or Cristobal may refer to:

;Dominican Republic
*Cristóbal (municipality of the Independencia) province

;Panama
*Cristóbal, Colón

;Spain
*Cristóbal, Salamanca

;Other
*Carmen Lelia Cristóbal, an Argentinian professor of botany
*Cristobal (carbine), a Dominican-made automatic rifle
*Cristobal (horse), Thoroughbred racehorse
*Fort San Crist%C3%B3bal, Puerto Rico
*Tropical Storm Cristobal (2008)

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