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Cresson, Edith, 1934-, French politician, b. Edith Campion. After studying at the École des Hautes Études Commerciales, she became a consultant in private industry. Active in the Socialist party, she became national secretary of the party (for youth) in 1974 and was elected to the European Assembly in 1979. She then held a series of ministerial appointments, including agriculture and forestry (1981-83), trade and tourism (1983-84), and industrial redeployment and foreign trade (1984-86). From 1986 until her resignation in 1990, she was a member of the national assembly. In May, 1991, President François Mitterrand recalled her to replace Michel Rocard as premier, but she resigned in Apr., 1992, and was replaced by Pierre Bérégovoy. In 1995, Cresson was appointed to the European Commission, the executive branch of the European Union (EU), but allegations of corruption led her and 19 other commission members to resign in 1999. She was charged in 2003 by Belgium with fraud relating to contracts prepared by her EU office in the late 1990s, but the charges were dropped in 2004. In 2006, however, the EU ruled that she had violated her official duties, but she was not penalized.
Cresson is a borough within Cresson Township in Cambria County, Pennsylvania, 75 miles (121 km) east of Pittsburgh. Cresson is an elevated place known for its beauty. Mineral springs add to its attractions. It is above 2,000 feet (610 m) in elevation. Lumber, coal, and coke yards were industries that had supported the population which numbered 1,470 in 1910. It is part of the Altoona, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population at the 2000 census was 1,631.

Railroads, specifically the Allegheny Portage Railroad, fueled the growth of the area. Many famous businessmen from Pittsburgh (Charles Schwab, Andrew Carnegie, Henry Clay Frick, etc.) maintained summer residences in the area.


Cresson Borough is geographically located within Cresson Township and is at (40.462631, -78.586319), about 10.5 miles WSW of Altoona, Pennsylvania.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.5 square miles (1.3 km²), all of it land.


As of the census of 2000, there were 1,631 people, 726 households, and 426 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,297.7 people per square mile (1,285.2/km²). There were 786 housing units at an average density of 1,589.2/sq mi (619.3/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 98.90% White, 0.12% African American, 0.37% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 0.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.74% of the population.

There were 726 households out of which 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.3% were non-families. 36.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the borough the population was spread out with 21.0% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 85.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.8 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $26,293, and the median income for a family was $34,900. Males had a median income of $30,972 versus $21,853 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $15,562. About 13.7% of families and 16.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.4% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.


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