Coregonus

Coregonus

Coregonus Linnaeus, 1758, is a genus of fish in the salmon family (family Salmonidae). The type species is the common whitefish (C. lavaretus). The Coregonus species are known as whitefishes.

The Arctic cisco (C. autumnalis), the Bering cisco (C. laurettae), and the sardine cisco (C. sardinella) are anadromous, moving between salt water and fresh water.

The deepwater cisco (C. johannae), and the longjaw cisco (C. alpenae) became extinct in the last half of the twentieth century. The blackfin cisco (C. nigripinnis) is considered extirpated from most of its previous range, and is now found only in Lake Nipigon. The shortnose cisco (C. reighardi) may also be extinct and is so considered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, although IUCN classifies it as Critically Endangered. IUCN considers several other species of whitefish to be Vulnerable. All Coregonus species are protected under appendix III of the Bern Convention.

Species

There is much uncertainty and confusion in the classification of the many of species of this genus. The following are the species as listed by FishBase:

This fish is also an alternative for caviar.

References

Siig

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