Copyright Clearance Center

Copyright Clearance Center

Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit organization that provides content licensing services worldwide to those that create and use content. Corporations, universities, law firms and government agencies purchase licenses from CCC for the rights to use and share published material. CCC collects and then distributes royalties to copyright holders.

CCC is headquartered in Danvers, Massachusetts, and employs about 230 people. It is a founding member of the International Federation of Reproduction Rights Organisations (IFFRO)an international network of reproduction rights organizations that facilitates licensed content use and respect for copyright.


Copyright Clearance Center was incorporated in 1977 by a group of content users, publishers and authors. The organization opened on January 1, 1978, at the same time that the U.S. Copyright Act of 1976 took effect. CCC’s initial offering was a pay-per-use service that allowed copyright holders and content users to exchange permissions and royalties for the rights to photocopy published material. In 1984, CCC sold its first collective license, which provided companies with the rights to use and share content from multiple publishers.

In the 1990s, with the increasing availability of digital content, CCC introduced its first digital licensing services. It developed an academic version of its Annual Copyright License in 2007.


Tracey L. Armstrong, President and Chief Executive Officer
Bill Burger, Vice President, Marketing
Gwen Chasan, Vice President, Operations
Bruce Funkhouser, Vice President, International and Distributions
Frederic Haber, Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary
Thomas M. Hamilton, Vice President and Chief Information Officer
A. Miles McNamee, Vice President, Business Development
Michele Nivens, Vice President, Human Resources
Richard A. Ruf, Vice President, Treasurer, and Chief Financial Officer
Robert S. Weiner, Senior Vice President, Licensing

Current Products and Services

Copyright Clearance Center currently licenses content through a range of services offered directly from the company and through third parties, such as media company websites, content aggregators and other application and service providers. Products and services include: annual licenses for corporations and universities, pay-per-use services; Rightslink, which automates reprints and permissions for online content; and Rightsphere, a rights advisory tool for corporations to organize multiple content licenses and to give quick rights information to employees.

External links

Copyright Clearance Center website

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