Contemporary Arts Museum Houston

Contemporary Arts Museum Houston

The Contemporary Arts Museum - Houston is a not-for-profit institution in Houston, Texas, dedicated to presenting the contemporary art of our time to the public.

As a non-collecting museum, it strives to provide a forum for visual arts of the present and recent past and document new directions in art, while engaging the public and encouraging a greater understanding of contemporary art through education programs.

The Contemporary Arts Museum occupies a stainless-steel building in the heart of Houston's Museum District. The highly recognizable building was designed for the Contemporary Arts Museum by the award-winning architect Gunnar Birkerts and opened its doors in 1972.


The beginning

In 1948, a group of seven Houston citizens founded the Contemporary Arts Museum with the goal of presenting new art to the community and to document arts role in modern life through exhibitions, lectures and other activities. The Museum initially presented exhibitions at various locations throughout the city, sometimes using The Museum of Fine Arts. These first presentations included "This is Contemporary Art" and "L. Maholy-Nagy: Memorial Exhibition."

By 1950, the success of these efforts allowed the Museum to build of a small, professionally equipped facility where ambitious exhibitions of the work of Vincent Van Gogh, Joan Miró, Alexander Calder, Max Ernst, and John Biggers and his students from the then-fledgling Texas Negro College (now Texas Southern University). It was evident that Houstonians were receptive to new ideas.

Going pro

Another major change occurred in 1957, when the previously all-volunteer Museum hired Jermayne MacAgy as its first professional director. Ms. MacAgy wasted no time and soon organized several definitive exhibitions, including "The Sphere of Mondrian," "The Disquieting Muse: Surrealism," "Totems Not Taboo: Primitive Art" and Mark Rothko's second museum exhibition. During the 1960s, the Museum's continued its dedication to thematic exhibitions, architecture and design, and studies individual artists. Landmark exhibitions included "The Emerging Figure" and the influential combine paintings of Robert Rauschenberg.

By the end of the decade, the Contemporary Arts Museum had outgrown the original 1950 facility, so the trustees raised funds to purchase a prominent site on the corner of Montrose and Bissonnet, where the new building, designed by Gunnar Birkerts, was built. In 1972, the present building opened with a controversial exhibition called "Ten," featuring several artists working in non-traditional media. The Museum continued to showcase new national and regional art, throughout the 1970s, including such presentations as John Chamberlain, "Dalé Gas" (one of the first surveys of Hispanic artists in the U.S.), and a major thematic exhibition, "American Narrative/Story Art." In addition, exhibitions of new Texas talent provided early venues for works of James Surls, John Alexander, and Luis Jimenez, among others.

Continued growth

In the 1980s, the Museum grew significantly, extending its sphere of influence with exhibitions that presented and toured surveys of installations for performance art; contemporary still-life painting; a group exhibition of work by Texas artists; and single-artist shows of artists like Ida Applebroog, Robert Morris, Pat Steir, Bill Viola and Frank Stella, as well as Texans Earl Staley, Melissa Miller and Vernon Fisher. In addition, Director Linda L. Cathcart established "Perspectives" in the Museum’s lower gallery—a fast-paced series of exhibitions focusing on cycles of work by emerging and well-known artists that had not previously shown in Houston. As of early 2007, over 150 shows have taken place within the innovative series.

In the 1990s, the Museum adjusted its focus to concentrate only on art made created within the past 40 years. It also worked to extend its reach internationally. Major single-artist exhibitions at the end of the 20th century included "Art Guys: Think Twice," "Tony Cragg: Sculpture," "Ann Hamilton: kaph," "Richard Long: Circles Cycles Mud Stone," "Nic Nicosia: Real Pictures," "Introjection: Tony Oursler: 1976-1999," "Lari Pittman," "Robert Rauschenberg: A Retrospective," "James Turrell: Spirit and Light," "William Wegman: Paintings and Drawings, Photographs and Videotapes" and "Robert Wilson's Vision."

The modern museum

The Museum temporarily closed on January 1, 1997 for the buildings first major renovation in 25 years. The Museum reopened to the public on May 10, 1997 with the presentation of "Finders/Keepers." This exhibition documented the institution’s relationship with its community and friends, borrowing important works of art back from private collectors that had remained in the region after first being presented at the Contemporary Arts Museum. Other important presentations since have included "Elvis + Marilyn: Two Times Immortal," "Abstract Painting Once Removed" and "Other Narratives."

As the new millennium began, the Museum celebrated the change with a look back at some of the exhibitions of the previous decade in "Outbound: Passages from the Nineties." Other exhibitions of the fledgling century have included "Afterimage: Drawing Through Process", "Subject Plural" and "The Inward Eye." Single-artist shows have focused on a variety of media and have included "When One is Two: The Art of Alighiero e Boetti," William Kentridge, Uta Barth, and Juan Muñoz.


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