Consell de Cent

Consell de Cent

The Consell de Cent (Catalan language for "council of the hundred") was an institution of government in the city of Barcelona established in the XIII century, lasting until the XVIII century.

Its name has its origin in the number of its members, who were a hundred (cent in Catalan).

James I created the year 1249 the fundamental structure of the municipal government of Barcelona: a board of advice of 4 members, helped by 8 counselors and an assembly of probi homines -leaders- all them members of the mà major (Catalan for senior hand).

After several modifications, in the year 1265 the municipal organization remained definitively structured: the municipal authority fell on 3 counselors elected by a Council of a hundred personalities.

In year 1335, Peter III the Ceremonious let the Consell de Cent to use the royal signal of the four (red) sticks.

The importance of the Consell de Cent is seen in many examples, like in year 1464 proclaiming Peter V of Aragon (known as Peter the Condestable of Portugal) as count of Barcelona.

Another example is the negative of the Consell de Cent to accept the concession made by the king of a general study, Martin the Humane, the 10 January 1401, conceded the royal privilege of the foundation of the General Study of Medicine in Barcelona, with the same prerogatives that the one of Montpeller. This finally lead to the creation of University of Barcelona, in the year 1450.

The Consell de Cent was abolished by Philip V of Spain on occupying Barcelona, within the Decretos de Nueva Planta, in year 1714.

It is also a main street in Barcelona City, Carrer(Calle) Consell de Cent. (Pre-1978, Calle Consejo de Cientos)

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