Less populous states like Delaware were afraid that such an arrangement would result in their voices and interests being drowned out by the larger states. In response, on June 15, 1787, William Paterson of the New Jersey delegation proposed the creation of a legislature consisting of a single house. Each state was to be allotted one representative in this body, regardless of population. Despite the unicameral proposal, there was never really a question of having at least one of the house be based on population; the New Jersey plan was merely a counterpoint, not a practicable proposal.
In favor of the larger states, membership in the lower house, as in the Virginia Plan, was to be allocated in proportion to state population and candidates were to be nominated and elected by the people of each state. A census of all inhabitants of the United States was to be taken every 10 years. Also all bills for raising taxes, spending or appropriating money, and setting the salaries of Federal officers were to originate in the lower house and be unamendable by the upper house. In exchange, membership in the upper house, however, was more similar to the New Jersey Plan and was to be allocated two seats to each state, regardless of size, with members being chosen by the state legislatures.
The compromise passed after eleven days of debate by one vote — five to four.
By and large the compromise was accepted into the final form of the U.S. Constitution. The provision that all fiscal bills should start in the House was incorporated as Art. 1, §7, Clause 1 (known as the Origination Clause), albeit in a limited form applying only to tax bills and allowing the Senate to amend.
The Connecticut Effect: The Great Compromise of 1787 and the History of Small State Impact on Electoral College Outcomes
Jun 22, 2011; Two MAJOR COMPROMISES reached at the 1787 Philadelphia Constitutional Convention affected the Electoral College. Of these two,...