Justice Conchita Carpio-Morales started her career in law in 1968 in a Manila law firm where she was Assistant Attorney up to 1971 when her former professor, then Secretary of Justice Vicente Abad Santos, took her in as a Special Assistant at the Department of Justice. She worked for seven years at the Justice Department as assistant, lawyer, researcher, assistant special lawyer and finally senior state counsel before she became a judge.
Three presidents recognized her public service by appointing her to the Judiciary. President Ferdinand Marcos appointed her as a trial court judge in Pili, Camarines Sur. On November 4, 1986, President Corazon Aquino designated her as trial judge in Pasay City. In 1994, President Fidel Ramos appointed her to the Court of Appeals. Upon the unanimous endorsement of the members of the Judicial and Bar Council, she was appointed Associate Justice of the Supreme Court and was sworn to office on September 3, 2002. Until her appointment to the High Court, she headed the 7th Division of the Court of Appeals.
Justice Carpio-Morales obtained a bachelor's degree in economics at the University of the Philippines and her Bachelor of Laws at that school's College of Law in 1968. She was a bar examiner in Legal Ethics in 2000. She was also conferred the Ulirang Ina Award for Law and the Judiciary by the Father’s Day/Mother’s Day Foundation of the Philippines,Inc.