is the name of a municipality and its capital in the southwest of the state of Espírito Santo
. Its population was 34,704 (2005
) and its area is 669 km².
There is information on two Amerindian tribes inhabiting the area before the colonial era. The main tribe was called Puris, and the secondary, with less presence, were the Botocudos. The first non-native immigration into the region was of gold prospectors who moved into the area, but this was a short-lived adventure which by 1830 had been abandoned. After 1830, local interest turned towards the land. Medium-sized properties were established using slave labour until 1888, when it was abolished. Soon after, Italian immigrants from the neighbouring municipality of Alfredo Chaves
began to settle in Castelo. in 1891 Castelo became a district of Cachoeiro de Itapemirim
and remained part of Cachoeiro de Itapemirim until 1928, when it separated.
Castelo is 145 km from the state capital Vitória
, and stands at 100 meters above sea level. Castelo's borders are: Alfredo Chaves and Domingos Martins (E), Venda Nova do Imigrante
and Conseição do Castelo
(N), Muniz Freire
(W) and Cachoeiro de Itapemirim
Castelo is strongly influenced by Italian immigrants, who make up the great majority of the municipality's population. This influences today's traditional commemorations, very much Catholic-based in traditions like Corpus Christi
. This influence is also felt in the traditional Italian Folklore dance group, which still practices traditional Piemontese dances.
Highest point in the municipality is the Forno Grande Peak (2039 m), which is also the highest point in the state after Bandeira Peak, shared with Minas Gerais