colorForth is a programming language from the Forth programming language's original designer, Chuck Moore, developed in the 1990s. There was an earlier predecessor called 386 OK which appeared for sale at Silicon Valley Forth Interest Group (SV-Fig) meetings in 1992
An idiosyncratic programming environment, the colors simplify Forth's semantics, speed compilation, and are said to aid Chuck's own poor eyesight: colorForth uses different colors in its source code (replacing some of the punctuation in Forth) to determine how different words are treated.
colorForth was originally developed as the scripting language for Chuck's own homebrew VLSI CAD program OKAD , with which he develops custom Forth processors. As the language gained utility, he rewrote his CAD program in it, spruced up the environment, and released it to the public. It has since gained a small following, spurred much debate in the Forth community, and sprung offshoots for other processors and operating environments. The language's roots are closer to the Forth machine languages Chuck develops for his processors than to the mainstream standardized Forths in more widespread use.
The language comes with its own tiny (63K) operating system. Practically everything is stored as source code and compiled as and when required. The current colorForth environment is limited to running on Pentium based PCs with limited support for lowest-common-denominator motherboards, AGP video, disk, and network hardware.
Coloring in colorForth has semantic meaning. Red words start a definition and green words are compiled into the current definition. Thus, colorForth would be rendered in standard Forth as:
: color forth ;
Moore developed Forth in the early 1970s and created a series of implementations of the language. In the 1980s he diverged from (or rather ignored) the standardization of the language, instead continuing to evolve it. He developed a series of Forth-like languages, each fairly extreme in its simplicity: Machine Forth, OK, colorForth.
There is some controversy about colorForth marginalizing color blind programmers, but Moore has stated that color is only one option for displaying the language. One of Moore's papers on colorForth was printed in black and white, but used italics and other typographical conventions to present source code.