Definitions

Colony of Georgia

List of governors of Georgia

Number of Governors of Georgia by party affiliation
Party Governors
Democratic 47
None or non-party Whig 23
Democratic-Republican 18
Republican 3
Whig 2
Military 1
The following is a list of Governors of the State of Georgia and governors of the British colony of Georgia.

Colonial governors

Governors of Georgia

Photo Name Took office Left office Party Namesake Lt. Governor Notes
1 William Ewen June 22 1775 December 11 1775 Whig None
2 George Walton December 11 1775 February 20 1776 Whig Walton County None
3 William Ewen February 20 1776 May 1 1776 Whig None
4 Archibald Bulloch May 1 1776 March 4 1777 Whig Bulloch County None
5 Button Gwinnett March 4 1777 May 8 1777 Whig Gwinnett County None
6 John A. Treutlen May 8 1777 January 10 1778 Whig Treutlen County None
7 John Houstoun January 10 1778 January 7 1779 Whig Houston County None
8 William Glascock January 7 1779 July 24 1779 Whig None
9 Seth John Cuthbert July 24 1779 August 6 1779 Whig None
10 John Wereat August 6 1779 November 4 1779 Whig None
11 George Walton November 4 1779 January 4 1780 Whig Walton County None
12 Richard Howly January 4 1780 February 16 1780 Whig None
13 Humphrey Wells February 16 1780 February 18 1780 Whig None
14 Stephen Heard February 18 1780 August 1780 Whig Heard County None
15 Myrick Davies August 1780 August 18 1781 Whig None
16 Nathan Brownson August 18 1781 January 3 1782 none None
17 John Martin January 3 1782 January 8 1783 none None
18 Lyman Hall January 8 1783 January 9 1784 none Hall County None
19 John Houstoun January 9 1784 January 6 1785 none Houston County None
20 Samuel Elbert January 6 1785 January 9 1786 none Elbert County None
21 Edward Telfair January 9 1786 January 9 1787 none Telfair County None
22 George Mathews January 9 1787 January 26 1788 none None
23 George Handley January 26 1788 January 7 1789 none None
24 George Walton January 7 1789 November 9 1790 Democratic-Republican Walton County None
25 Edward Telfair November 9 1790 November 7 1793 Democratic-Republican Telfair County None
26 George Mathews November 7 1793 January 15 1796 Democratic-Republican None
27 Jared Irwin January 15 1796 January 12 1798 Democratic-Republican Washington County None
28 James Jackson January 12 1798 March 3 1801 Democratic-Republican, Jackson faction Jackson County None
29 David Emanuel March 3 1801 November 7 1801 Democratic-Republican, Jackson faction Emanuel County None
30 Josiah Tattnall, Sr. November 7 1801 November 4 1802 Democratic-Republican, Jackson faction Tattnall County None
31 John Milledge November 4 1802 September 23 1806 Democratic-Republican, Jackson faction Milledgeville None
32 Jared Irwin September 23 1806 November 10 1809 Democratic-Republican, Jackson faction Irwin County None
33 David B. Mitchell November 10 1809 November 5 1813 Democratic-Republican, Jackson faction None
34 Peter Early November 5 1813 November 20 1815 Democratic-Republican, Jackson faction Early County None
35 David B. Mitchell November 20 1815 March 4 1817 Democratic-Republican, Jackson faction None
36 William Rabun March 4 1817 October 24 1819 Democratic-Republican, Troup faction Rabun County None
37 Matthew Talbot October 24 1819 November 5 1819 Democratic-Republican, Clark faction Talbot County None
38 John Clark November 5 1819 November 7 1823 Democratic-Republican, Clark faction None
39 George M. Troup November 7 1823 November 7 1827 Democratic-Republican, Troup faction Troup County None
40 John Forsyth November 7 1827 November 4 1829 Democratic-Republican, Troup faction Forsyth County None
41 George R. Gilmer November 4 1829 November 9 1831 Democratic-Republican, Troup faction Gilmer County None
42 Wilson Lumpkin November 9 1831 November 4 1835 Union (Democratic) Lumpkin County None
43 William Schley November 4 1835 November 8 1837 Union (Democratic) Schley County None
44 George R. Gilmer November 8 1837 November 6 1839 State Rights (Whig) Gilmer County None
45 Charles J. McDonald November 6 1839 November 8 1843 Union (Democratic) None
46 George W. Crawford November 8 1843 November 3 1847 Whig Crawford County None
47 George W. Towns November 3 1847 November 5 1851 Democratic Towns County None
48 Howell Cobb November 5 1851 November 9 1853 Constitutional Union (Democratic) (not Cobb County) None
49 Herschel V. Johnson November 9 1853 November 6 1857 Democratic Johnson County None
50 Joseph E. Brown November 6 1857 June 17 1865 Democratic None
51 James Johnson June 17 1865 December 14 1865 Democratic None
52 Charles J. Jenkins December 14 1865 January 13 1868 Democratic Jenkins County None
53 Thomas H. Ruger January 13 1868 July 4 1868 Military None
54 Rufus B. Bullock July 4 1868 October 30 1871 Republican None
55 Benjamin Conley October 30 1871 January 12 1872 Republican None
56 James M. Smith January 12 1872 January 12 1877 Democratic None
57 Alfred H. Colquitt January 12 1877 November 4 1882 Democratic (not Colquitt County) None
58 Alexander H. Stephens November 4 1882 March 5 1883 Democratic Stephens County None
59 James S. Boynton March 5 1883 May 10 1883 Democratic None
60 Henry D. McDaniel May 10 1883 November 9 1886 Democratic None
61 John B. Gordon November 9 1886 November 8 1890 Democratic (not Gordon County) None
62 William J. Northen November 8 1890 October 27 1894 Democratic None
63 William Y. Atkinson October 27 1894 October 29 1898 Democratic Atkinson County None
64 Allen D. Candler October 29 1898 October 25 1902 Democratic Candler County None
65 Joseph M. Terrell October 25 1902 June 29 1907 Democratic (not Terrell County) None
66 Hoke Smith June 29 1907 June 26 1909 Democratic None
67 Joseph M. Brown June 26 1909 July 1 1911 Democratic None
68 Hoke Smith July 1 1911 November 16 1911 Democratic None
69 John M. Slaton November 16 1911 January 25 1912 Democratic None
70 Joseph M. Brown January 25 1912 June 28 1913 Democratic None
71 John M. Slaton June 28 1913 June 26 1915 Democratic None
72 Nathaniel E. Harris June 26 1915 June 30 1917 Democratic None
73 Hugh M. Dorsey June 30 1917 June 25 1921 Democratic None
74 Thomas W. Hardwick June 25 1921 June 30 1923 Democratic None
75 Clifford Walker June 30 1923 June 25 1927 Democratic None
76 Lamartine G. Hardman June 25 1927 June 27 1931 Democratic None
77 Richard Russell, Jr. June 27 1931 January 10 1933 Democratic None
78 Eugene Talmadge January 10 1933 January 12 1937 Democratic None
79 Eurith D. Rivers January 12 1937 January 14 1941 Democratic None
80 Eugene Talmadge January 14 1941 January 12 1943 Democratic None
81 Ellis Arnall January 12 1943 January 14 1947 Democratic None
82 Herman Talmadge January 14 1947 March 18 1947 Democratic Melvin E. Thompson
83 Melvin E. Thompson March 18 1947 November 17 1948 Democratic Vacant
84 Herman Talmadge November 17 1948 January 11 1955 Democratic Marvin Griffin
85 Marvin Griffin January 11 1955 January 13 1959 Democratic Ernest Vandiver
86 Ernest Vandiver January 13 1959 January 15 1963 Democratic Garland T. Byrd
87 Carl E. Sanders January 15 1963 January 11 1967 Democratic Peter Zack Geer
88 Lester Maddox January 11 1967 January 12 1971 Democratic George Thornewell Smith
89 Jimmy Carter January 12 1971 January 14 1975 Democratic Lester Maddox
90 George Busbee January 14 1975 January 11 1983 Democratic Zell Miller
91 Joe Frank Harris January 11 1983 January 13 1991 Democratic Zell Miller
92 Zell Miller January 13 1991 January 11 1999 Democratic Pierre Howard
93 Roy Barnes January 11 1999 January 13 2003 Democratic Mark Taylor
94 Sonny Perdue January 13 2003 Incumbent Republican

Mark Taylor
Casey Cagle

Notes

Other high offices held

This is a table of congressional seats, other federal offices, and Confederate offices held by governors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented Georgia. * denotes those offices which the governor resigned to take.

Name Gubernatorial term U.S. Congress Other offices held
House Senate
George Walton 1775–1776, 1779–1780, 1789–1790 H S Continental Delegate
Archibald Bulloch 1776–1777 Continental Delegate
Button Gwinnett 1777 Continental Delegate
John Houstoun 1778–1779, 1784–1785 Continental Delegate
John Wereat 1779 Continental Delegate
Richard Howly 1780 Continental Delegate
Nathan Brownson 1781–1782 Continental Delegate
Lyman Hall 1783–1784 Continental Delegate
Samuel Elbert 1785–1786 Continental Delegate
Edward Telfair 1786–1786, 1790–1793 Continental Delegate
George Mathews 1787–1788, 1793–1796 H
James Jackson 1798–1801 H S*
Josiah Tattnall 1801–1802 S
John Milledge 1802–1806 H S*
Peter Early 1813–1815 H
George Troup 1823–1827 H S
John Forsyth 1827–1829 H S U.S. Secretary of State
George R. Gilmer 1829–1831, 1837–1839 H
Wilson Lumpkin 1831–1835 H S
William Schley 1835–1837 H
George W. Crawford 1843–1847 H U.S. Secretary of War
George W. Towns 1847–1851 H
Howell Cobb 1851–1853 H Speaker of the House, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, Acting President of the Confederate States
Herschel V. Johnson 1853–1857 S Confederate Senator
Joseph E. Brown 1868–1870 S
James Johnson 1865 H
James Milton Smith 1872–1877 Confederate Representative
Alfred H. Colquitt 1877–1882 H S
Alexander H. Stephens 1882–1883 H Confederate Representative, Vice President of the Confederate States; elected to the U.S. Senate but was refused his seat
John Brown Gordon 1886–1890 S
Allen D. Candler 1898–1902 H
Joseph M. Terrell 1902–1907 S
Hoke Smith 1907–1909, 1911 S* U.S. Secretary of the Interior
Thomas W. Hardwick 1921–1923 H S
Richard Russell, Jr. 1931–1933 S President pro tempore of the Senate
Herman Talmadge 1947, 1948–1955 S
Jimmy Carter 1971–1975 President of the United States
Zell Miller 1991–1999 S

Living former governors

As of August 2007, five former governors were alive, the oldest being Jimmy Carter (1971–1975, born 1924). The most recent governor to die was Ernest Vandiver (1959–1963), on February 21 2005. The most recently-serving governor to die was George Busbee (1975–1983), on July 16 2004.

Name Gubernatorial term Date of birth
Carl Sanders 1963–1967 May 15 1925
Jimmy Carter 1971–1975 October 1 1924
Joe Frank Harris 1983–1991 February 16 1936
Zell Miller 1991–1999 February 24 1932
Roy Barnes 1999–2003 March 11 1948

External links

Source

  • A History of Georgia, second ed. Kenneth Coleman, general editor. University of Georgia Press: 1991.

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