Collodi, Carlo, pseud. of Carlo Lorenzini, 1826-90, Italian author. A prolific journalist, he also wrote didactic tales for children, the most famous of which is Pinocchio: The Story of a Puppet. First written (1880) for the Giornale dei bambini, the story appeared in book form in 1883 and soon became one of the most widely read juvenile classics. Collodi, however, received little for it. The first English translation (1892) was followed by others in innumerable editions; perhaps the best is that by M. M. Sweet (1927). An animated film version (1940) of Pinocchio was made by Walt Disney.