City (pop., 2002 est.: 107,730), western Germany. Situated at the junction of the Rhine and Moselle rivers, it was founded by the Romans in 9 BC. It was a Frankish royal seat in the 6th century AD and was chartered as a city in 1214. The French occupied the city in 1794, and it passed to Prussia in 1815. After World War I, Koblenz was the seat of the Inter-Allied Control Commission for the Rhineland (1919–29). Devastated in World War II, it has since been restored. It is a centre for the German wine trade; other industries include tourism and the manufacture of furniture, clothing, and chemicals.
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