- Common names: rock viper, coastal viper, Ottoman viper, more.
is a venomous viper species
found in northeastern Greece
, as well as certain islands in the Aegean Sea
. No subspecies are currently recognized.
As per the photographs. Skin tones can vary e.g. grey or white with a black zig-zag
versions may exist. Has keeled scales
Usually grows to 70-95 cm, but reaches a maximum length of 130 cm on certain Greek
islands in the Aegean Sea
Rock viper, coastal viper, Ottoman viper, Turkish viper, Near East viper, mountain viper.
Extreme northeastern Greece
, the Greek islands of Simi
, Lipsos, Patmos
, European Turkey
, the western half of Anatolia
(inland eastward to Kayseri
), and islands (e.g. Chalki
, Kastellórizon [Meis Adasi]
) of the Turkish mainland shelf. The type locality
given is "Xanthus" [southwestern Turkey (Kinik)], and "Asia Minor
." Listed as "Xanthos" by Schwarz (1936). Nilson and Andrén (1986) restricted the species to "Xanthos
" [= Xanthus] (Kinik) province Mugla
, S. W. Turkish Anatolia" through lectotype
This species is classified as Least Concern (LC) according to the IUCN
Red List of Threatened Species (v3.1, 2001). Listed as such due to its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category. Year assessed: 2005.
It is, however, listed as strictly protected (Appendix II) under the Berne Convention.
According to Nilson, Andrén and Flärdh (1990), V. bornmuelleri
, V. bulgardaghica
and V. xanthina
are all closely related and together form the Vipera xanthina
group or complex.
- Nilson G, Andrén C. 1986. The mountain vipers of the Middle East: The Vipera xanthina complex. Bonner Zoologische Monographien 20.
- Nilson G, Andrén C, and Flärdh B. 1990. Vipera albizona a new mountain viper from central Turkey, with comments on the isolating effects of the Anatolian "diagonal." Amphibia-Reptilia 11:285-94.
- Schwarze E. 1936. Untersuchungen über Systematik und Verbreitung der europäischen und mediterranen Ottern. Behringwerke-Mitteilungen 7:159-262.