(14 October 1900
- 17 November 1979
) was a twentieth-century Korean
poet. He was born in Pyongyang
, under what was then the Joseon Dynasty
. He attended elementary school in Pyongyang, and then middle school at the Meiji Academy
in Japan. He graduated from Hogang College
Chu began publishing his poems in 1919. Around 1920, his poem "Fireworks" appeared, contributing significantly to the development of Korean poetry, what with its use of free verse, borrowed from French poets.
He edited Contemporary Korean Poetry (University of Iowa Press: Ames, 1970), which contains his translated poem " A spring dream passes."
Chu is also remembered for having compiled the complete works of Dosan Ahn Chang-ho, an important figure in the Korean independence movement.
He achieved basic stage in Korean modern poems with Kim uk. Additionally, several hymns are composed by him, which contributed development church music of Korea.
In 1979, South Korean government conferred posthumous honors of Rose of Sharon on him. However, it was revealed that Chu had been pro-Japanese colonial government. In 2002, Institute of Korean people reported Chu was one of 708 sympathizers for Japan.