Cnidus or Cnidos, ancient Greek city of Caria, SW Asia Minor, on Cape Krio, in present SW Asian Turkey. It was partly on the peninsula and partly on an island that had been created by cutting through the peninsula. One of the cities of the Dorian Hexapolis, it sought to maintain its independence but fell (540 B.C.) under Persian rule. It had a large trade, particularly in wine, and was also noted for its medical school and other institutions of learning. One of the most famous statues of the ancient world, Aphrodite by Praxiteles, was there. In the waters off Cnidus the Athenians under Conon defeated the Spartans under Pisander in 394 B.C. Cnidus retained its importance in Roman times and is mentioned in the Bible (Acts 27.7; 1 Mac. 15.23).

Ancient Greek coastal city, southwestern Anatolia. An important commercial centre and the home of a renowned medical school, Cnidus was one of six cities in the Dorian Hexapolis. It came under the control of the Persian Achaemenian dynasty after 546 BC. A democracy in the 4th century BC, it fell under Ptolemaic control in the 3rd century BC. A free city within the Roman province of Asia, it lasted until the 7th century AD, when it was abandoned. Excavation has revealed numerous public buildings, including the Temple of Aphrodite, where fragments of the celebrated statue of Aphrodite by Praxiteles were discovered.

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