has the largest mammal diversity in the world, with more than 500 described species
and, probably, many yet to be discovered. According to the World Conservation Union
sixty-six of these species are endangered species and 40% of the threatened taxa
belong to the primate
Around twenty-nine percent of listed species are marine, 18% occur in the Atlantic Rain Forest, 13% in the Pampas, 12% in the cerrado, 11% in the Pantanal, 7% in the Amazon and 6% in the Caatinga.
Total Number of species listed: 589
- Costa, L.P. et al. 2005. Mammal Conservation in Brazil. Conservation Biology 19(3), pp.672-679.