Clustal

Clustal

Clustal is a widely used multiple sequence alignment computer program. The latest version is 2.0. There are two main variations:

  • ClustalW: command line interface
  • ClustalX: This version has a graphical user interface. It is available for Windows, Mac OS, and Unix/Linux.

This program is available from the Clustal Homepage or European Bioinformatics Institute ftp server

Input/Output

This program accepts a wide range on input format. Included NBRF/PIR, FASTA, EMBL/Swissprot, Clustal, GCC/MSF, GCG9 RSF and GDE.

The output format can be one or many of the following: Clustal, NBRF/PIR, GCG/MSF, PHYLIP, GDE, NEXUS.

Multiple sequence alignment

There are three main steps:

  1. Do a pairwise alignment
  2. Create a phylogenetic tree (or use a user-defined tree)
  3. Use the phylogenetic tree to carry out a multiple alignment

These are done automatically when you select "Do Complete Alignment". Other options are "Do Alignment from guide tree" and "Produce guide tree only".

Profile alignments

Pairwise alignments are computed for all against all sequences, and similarities are stored in a matrix. This is then converted into a distance matrix, where the distance measures reflect the evolutionary distance between each pair of sequences.

From this distance matrix, a guide tree, or phylogenetic tree, for the order in which pairs of sequences are to be aligned and combined with previous alignments is constructed using a neighbour-joining clustering algorithm. Sequences are progressively aligned at each branch point, starting from the least distant pair of sequences.

Setting

Users can align the sequences using the default setting, but occasionally it may be useful to customize one's own parameters.

The main parameters are the gap opening penalty, and the gap extension penalty.

References

See also

External links

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