Mormaer Donnchad II
, (1154 - 1204) anglicized as Duncan
, succeeded his father Donnchad I
as a child. As a child of the previous Mormaer, he was entitled to succeed his father through primogeniture
, but not to lead his kin-group
, Clann MacDuib
. That probably fell to his cousin, Aed mac Gille Míchéil. Like previous Mormaers of Fife, Donnchad II was appointed Justiciar of Scotia
North of the Forth
). Donnchad's minority also meant that Ferchar
, Mormaer of Strathearn
, took supreme place as head of the Gaelic
nobility and guide for the boy-king Máel Coluim IV
The scholar Geoffrey Barrow suggests that it was during Donnchad's tenure that Beinn MacDuibh took its names, i.e. when Donnchad II acquired land in that area (Barrow, 1980, 86). Donnchad, like other Mormaers of Fife, kept in close association with the king. His name is recorded, among other places, in a charter granted to the priory on the Isle of May.
Donnchad's person was required to be a hostage following the defeat of William the Lion and the Treaty of Falaise, although in fact he certainly sent someone else in his place. (Barrow, 2003, 106).
He married Ada (Ela/Hela), who may have been the half sister of King Máel Coluim IV by his father Henry of Scotland, some sources may claim she was his niece. Máel Coluim IV's father Henry of Scotland is believed to have had children prior to his marriage. Donnchad II had three sons, Mael Coluim, Donnchad, and Dabíd (Malcolm, Duncan, and David), two notably named for the Scottish Kings. He had a fourth child, a daughter, whose name is unknown. The Earl's of Fife are considered important allies of the Scottish royals from King Dabid I onward. In 1152, on the death of Scottish King Dabid I's son Henry of Scotland, Donnchad I had escorted Máel Coluim IV, introducing him as the royal heir.
His son Máel Coluim succeeded him in 1204.
- Bannerman, John, "MacDuff of Fife," in A. Grant & K.Stringer (eds.) Medieval Scotland: Crown, Lordship and Community, Essays Presented to G.W.S. Barrow, (Edinburgh, 1993), pp.20-38
- Barrow, G.W.S., The Anglo-Norman Era in Scottish History, (Oxford, 1980).
- Barrow, G.W.S. Earl's of Fife in the 12th Century, (Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 1952-53), pp. 51-61.
- Barrow, G.W.S., The Kingdom of the Scots: Government, Church and Society from the Eleventh to the Fourteenth Century, (Edinburgh, 2003)
- Paul, Sir James Balfour (ed.), Wood’s Edition of David Douglas’s Scots Peerage (Edinburgh, 1907).