Whilst the Convention Parliament in England declared that James, as King of England, had abdicated the Government, and issued a English Bill of Rights on February 13, 1689 offering the Crown of England to William and Mary, the Scots found themselves facing a more difficult constitutional problem. As James had not been present in Scotland during the crisis and had not fled from Scottish territory in December, it would be highly dubious to claim that he had 'abdicated' the Scottish throne.
Therefore, a Convention of the Scottish Estate met to consider letters received on March 16, 1689 from the two contenders for the Crown. On April 4 they voted to remove James VII from office, drawing on George Buchanan's argument on the contractual nature of monarchy.
Later that month, the Convention adopted the Claim of Right and the Article of Grievances, enumerating what they saw as the contemporary requirements of Scottish constitutional law. It also declared that, because of his actions in violation of these laws, James had forfeited the Scottish throne.
The Convention proceeded to offer the crown on the basis of these document to William and Mary, who accepted it on May 11, 1689, and were proclaimed King and Queen of the Scots as William II and Mary II, though with subsequent controversy over whether the Claim of Right articles against Episcopacy were fully accepted by the new monarchy.