Even before 1945 SHAEF had long ago worked out automatic arrest categories ranging from the top Nazi Party leadership to the local Ortsgruppenleiter, from the top Gestapo agents to leaders of the Hitler Youth, the Peasants' League, and the Labor Front. In May and June 1945 about 700 civilians a day were arrested, and a total of over 18,000 in August. In September 1945, 82,000 suspects were being held in internment camps, available for possible trial and sentencing as members of criminal organizations.
Well over 100,000 Germans were incarcerated by December 1945, according to Harold Marcuse. Members of the SS and functionaries of the Nazi party and its affiliated organizations who were covered by the category of "automatic arrest" were interned by the US occupation authorities in former Dachau concentration camp. The first of these prisoners were released at the beginning of 1946.
The Soviet Union set up ten Special Camps in the Soviet Zone of Occupation, the former Buchenwald concentration camp became Special Camp No. 2 while Sachsenhausen concentration camp became Special Camp No. 7. They were run by NKVD.
Rep. Hooley Introduces Bill Concerning Compensation to Members of Armed Forces, Civilian Employees Captured by Japan During World War II
Jul 21, 2008; AMBRESH RANJAN US Fed News WASHINGTON, July 21 -- Rep. Darlene Hooley, D-Oregon, has introduced a bill (H.R. 6497) to "require...