City of Westminster

City of Westminster

Westminster, City of, inner borough (1991 pop. 181,500) of Greater London, SE England, on the Thames River. Westminster is the location of the principal offices and residences of Great Britain's national government. Important offices and departments are in Whitehall and Downing streets. The monarch lives in Buckingham Palace. Parliament meets in Westminster Palace. The borough has an important railroad terminal (Paddington). In Westminster are the administrative offices of the British Broadcasting Corp.; London's chief shopping district; Harley St., a center of medical practice; and a clothing industry. Westminster School is a leading public school, founded in the 14th cent. and reestablished by Queen Elizabeth I in 1560. Other notable features of the borough are Westminster Cathedral, Westminster Abbey, Saint James's Palace, the National Gallery, the Tate Gallery, the imposing Central Mosque, the Imperial College of Science and Technology, St. James's Park, Hyde Park, parts of Regent's Park and Kensington Gardens, Mme Tussaud's waxworks, and Kensal Green Cemetery, resting place of several literary figures. Westminster Bridge is the second-oldest bridge in London.
The City of Westminster is a borough of London with city status. It is located west of the City of London and north of the River Thames, and forms part of Inner London and the bulk of London's central area.

The city contains most of London's West End and is the seat of the United Kingdom's government, with the Palace of Westminster, Buckingham Palace, Whitehall, and the Royal Courts of Justice.

In 1965 the London borough was created from the former area of the Metropolitan Borough of St Marylebone, the Metropolitan Borough of Paddington and the smaller City of Westminster. It covers a far greater area than the original settlement of Westminster.

Demography

According to the 2001 census, the borough had a population of 181,279. Westminster City Council undertook several studies, supported by both political parties on the council, that indicated that this figure was too low. The Office for National Statistics eventually added 17,500 people to Westminster's population, increasing its grant from the United Kingdom Government. The official population is now 198,779, but some estimates put it at 220,000. 71% of the population are white, 16% Any Asian ethnicity, 7% Black, 6% Mixed, 4% Other. 35% of households are owner-occupiers.

Politics

The city is divided into 20 wards. The council is composed of 49 Conservative Party members and 11 Labour Party members.

The council is known for its infamous "homes for votes" scandal. Shirley Porter was involved in the illegal "Building stable communities" exercise of the 1980s.

Evolution of Parliamentary representation
1918 1950 1974 1979 1997 Next election

Summary results of elections

Overall control Conservative Labour Residents
2006 Conservative 48 12 -
2002 Conservative 48 12 -
1998 Conservative 47 13 -
1994 Conservative 45 15 -
1990 Conservative 45 15 -
1986 Conservative 32 27 1
1982 Conservative 43 16 1
1978 Conservative 39 19 2
1974 Conservative 37 23 -
1971 Conservative 37 23 -
1968 Conservative 55 5 -
1964 Conservative 41 19 -

Districts

The City of Westminster covers all or part of the following areas of London:

Bibliography

  • ''THE WESTMINSTER CITY FATHERS (THE BURGESS COURT OF WESTMINSTER) 1585-1901: Being some account of their powers and domestic rule of the City prior to its incorporation in 1901 by W H Manshee. With a Foreword by Walter G Bell and 36 illustrations which relate to documents (some pull-outs) and artifacts

Landmarks

See List of tourist sites in the City of Westminster
See List of roads in the City of Westminster
Westminster contains many of the most famous sites in London. Some of the popular tourist sites are Buckingham Palace, Palace of Westminster (Houses of Parliament) and Big Ben and nearby Westminster Abbey.

Parks and open spaces

See also article Westminster parks and open spaces
These include Green Park, Hyde Park, Kensington Gardens, Regent's Park and St James's Park,

Transport

Bridges

These include Chelsea Bridge, Cathedral Bridge, Hungerford Bridge, Grosvenor Bridge, Lambeth Bridge, Vauxhall Bridge, Waterloo Bridge and Westminster Bridge.

Main line stations

These are Charing Cross, Marylebone, Paddington and Victoria.

London Underground

The City of Westminster is served by 27 tube stations, and 10 of the 12 Underground lines (the East London line and Waterloo and City line are the exceptions).

Juice points

Westminster City Council now has 12 juice points, which have been installed outside homes, offices and prime locations. Users will pay an annual £75 fee to cover administration costs to register and use the on-street recharging posts.

Education

Westminster Education Department operates many community primary and secondary schools. In addition, several voluntary-aided Church of England (CE), Roman Catholic (RC), and Christian non-denominational (ND) schools are in the city.

Primary schools

There are 41 primary schools, within the state sector in the City of Westminster. In addition there are also many fee-paying independent schools.

  • All Souls' CE
  • Barrow Hill Junior
  • Burdett Coutts CE
  • Christ Church Bentinck CE
  • Churchill Gardens
  • Edward Wilson
  • Essendine
  • Gateway
  • George Eliot Infant
  • George Eliot Junior
  • Hallfield Infant
  • Hallfield Junior
  • Hampden Gurney CE
  • King Solomon Academy

  • Millbank
  • Our Lady Of Dolours RC
  • Paddington Green
  • Queen's Park
  • Robinsfield Infant
  • Soho Parish CE
  • St Augustine's CE
  • St Barnabas CE
  • St Clement Danes CE
  • St Edward's RC
  • St Gabriel's CE
  • St George's Hanover Square CE
  • St James' And St Michael's CE
  • St Joseph's RC

  • St Luke's CE
  • St Mary Magdalene's CE
  • St Mary Of The Angels RC
  • St Mary's Bryanston Square CE
  • St Matthew's CE
  • St Peter's CE
  • St Peter's Eaton Square CE
  • St Saviour's CE
  • St Stephen's CE
  • St Vincent De Paul RC
  • St Vincent's RC
  • Westminster Cathedral RC
  • Wilberforce

Secondary schools

There are nine secondary schools in the City of Westminster.

There are also fee-paying, independent schools in Westminster. Westminster School, Southbank International School and The American School in London, in St John's Wood, are notable examples.

Universities and colleges

Gallery

See also

References

External links

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