Texas Christian University
is a private
, coeducational university
located in Fort Worth
. TCU is affiliated with, but not governed by, the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)
. Its mascot is the "horned frog"
and its school colors are purple
. Over the past few years the university has engaged in a multi-million dollar construction project which has lead to the construction of four new residence halls, the new Brown-Lupton University Union, the Sam Baugh
indoor football practice facility, Amon Carter Stadium
renovations, a new campus bookstore, and a full renovation and addition to the School of Education. Construction is currently underway on the replacement of the old Student Center with Scharbauer Hall.
East Texas brothers Addison & Randolph Clark, together with their father Joseph A. Clark, founded what was then called the AddRan Male & Female College in 1873 after the brothers had returned from service in the American Civil War. The college was named after AddRan Clark, the first son of Addison. The boy died at the age of three. The name was derived from a contraction of the two brothers' names. That name is now preserved in TCU's AddRan College of Humanities & Social Sciences. It memorializes the university's connection with its founders.
The Clarks were scholar-preacher/teachers who were products of the Campbellite movement, one of the streams of the Restoration movement in the nineteenth-century American church. The Campbellites were the spiritual ancestors of the modern Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), the independent Christian Churches/Churches of Christ, and the non-instrumental Churches of Christ. Campbellites were also major proponents of education, and the Clarks operated a preparatory school, the Male & Female Seminary of Fort Worth, from 1869 to 1874. But they also envisioned an institution of higher learning for both men and women that would be Christian in character, but nonsectarian in spirit and intellectually open-minded.
They planned to establish their college in Fort Worth on five city blocks purchased for that purpose in 1869. However, from 1867-1872, the character of Fort Worth changed substantially due to the commercial influence of the Chisholm Trail, the principal route for moving Texas cattle to the Kansas railheads. A huge influx of cattle, men, and money transformed the sleepy frontier village into a booming, brawling cowtown. The area around the property purchased by the Clarks for their college soon became the town's vice district, an unrelieved stretch of saloons, gambling halls, dance parlors, and bawdy houses catering to the rough tastes of the Chisholm Trail cowboys. It's rough and rowdy reputation had, by 1872, acquired it the nickname of "Hell's Half Acre" (the heart of which is today occupied by the Fort Worth Convention Center and the Fort Worth Water Gardens).
The Clarks feared this negative environment undermined the fledgling university's mission. They began to look for an alternative site to establish their college, and they found it at Thorp Spring, a frontier stagecoach stop to the southwest, near the fringe of Comanche and Kiowa territory. It was perhaps a marker of their Campbellite sensibilities that the Clarks feared the Indians less than they feared the corrupting influence of "the Acre."
AddRan College (TCU) was one of the first coeducational institutions of higher education west of the Mississippi River, and the very first in Texas -- a progressive step at a time when only 15% of the national college enrollment was female and almost all were enrolled at women's colleges. The inaugural enrollment in Fall 1873 was 13 students, though this number rose to 123 by the end of the first term. Shortly thereafter, annual enrollment ranged from 200 to 400. The college formed a partnership with what would become the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) in 1889 and was renamed AddRan Christian University. The church does not own or operate TCU; TCU is self-owned and self-governing. The church partnership is based on a common Disciples heritage and shared values.
The need for a larger population and transportation base prompted the university to relocate to Waco from 1895 to 1910. A featured speaker at the Waco welcoming ceremony was the president of crosstown rival, Baylor University. The institution was renamed Texas Christian University in 1902, though almost immediately it was dubbed with the unofficial moniker by which it is most popularly known today: TCU.
In 1910, a fire of unknown origin destroyed the university's main administration building. A group of enterprising Fort Worth businessmen offered the university $200,000 in rebuilding money and a 50 acre campus as an inducement to relocate to their city. This move brought TCU home to the historic source of its institutional roots. It also completed TCU's nearly 40-year transition from a frontier college to an urban university.
Academics and demographics
TCU is classified under the Carnegie classification system as a doctoral/research institution. It offers 100 undergraduate majors, 54 master's programs, and 12 doctoral programs. However, although doctoral/research in academic classification, the university retains strong liberal arts roots. The humanities, social sciences, and sciences are emphasized throughout the curriculum, with a particularly strong emphasis on writing, critical thinking, and communication skills. Among 2,400 four-year colleges and universities in the United States, TCU is routinely ranked by U.S. News and World Report
's "America's Best Colleges" ranking as among the top 120, or the top 5 percent.
Between 2006 and 2010, TCU is spending $295 million reconstructing its main campus as a University Commons, a centrally located green space bounded by a new University Union; four new, suite-style residence halls (housing mostly sophomores and juniors); and a new academic building that will become the headquarters of AddRan College of Humanities & Social Sciences. The purpose of this reconstruction is to reinforce and maintain TCU's traditional status as a predominantly residential and pedestrian-friendly campus. About two-thirds of TCU students live on campus.
The student population is about 9,000, consisting of 7,400 undergraduates and 1,600 graduate students. The undergraduate enrollment is 76% white, 7% Hispanic, 5% black, 2.5% Asian, and 9.5% other or unknown. About 57% of TCU undergrads are female and 43% are male.
- AddRan College of Humanities & Social Sciences
- Brite Divinity School
- M.J. Neeley School of Business
- College of Communication
- College of Education
- College of Fine Arts
- Harris College of Nursing and Health Sciences
- Schieffer School of Journalism
- College of Science & Engineering
- The Daily Skiff is Texas Christian University's student newspaper, published Tuesday-Friday during the Fall and Spring semesters.
- The Horned Frog is the school yearbook.
- Image Magazine is TCU's magazine.
- TCU has a radio station as well, which stretches widely across the Dallas/Fort Worth area. It is KTCU, FM 88.7 "The Choice"
Texas Christian University boasts a robust Greek life, including the following organizations:
- Nine Interfraternity Council (IFC) fraternities (Delta Tau Delta, Kappa Sigma, Lambda Chi Alpha, Phi Gamma Delta, Phi Delta Theta, Pi Kappa Phi, Sigma Alpha Epsilon, Sigma Chi, Sigma Phi Epsilon)
- Eleven Pan-Hellenic Council (PHC) sororities (Alpha Chi Omega, Alpha Delta Pi, Chi Omega, Delta Delta Delta, Delta Gamma, Gamma Phi Beta, Kappa Alpha Theta, Kappa Kappa Gamma, Pi Beta Phi, Sigma Kappa, Zeta Tau Alpha)
- One Christian fraternity, Beta Upsilon Chi, and one Christian sorority, Eta Iota Sigma.
- Four members of the National Pan-Hellenic Council (NPHC) (Alpha Kappa Alpha, Delta Sigma Theta, Alpha Phi Alpha, Phi Beta Sigma)
- Four members of the Multi-cultural Greek Council (Lambda Theta Phi, Chi Upsilon Sigma, Sigma Lambda Alpha, Kappa Lambda Delta)
- Dozens of professional and academic organizations, including Phi Beta Kappa and Delta Sigma Pi
- Music Fraternities including Phi Mu Alpha, Mu Phi Epsilon, Tau Beta Sigma, and Kappa Kappa Psi.
TCU competes in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports as a member of the Division I Mountain West Conference. Over its history, TCU was a long-time member of the former Southwest Conference, competing with Texas, Texas A&M, Texas Tech, Baylor, Southern Methodist University, Houston, Arkansas, and Rice. After the Southwest Conference's breakup in 1995, a period of transition began for TCU athletics. TCU soon joined the Western Athletic Conference, then shifted to Conference USA in 2001, and in 2005, moved again, joining the Mountain West Conference.
TCU's varsity sports have a long and storied history of excellence, boasting eight men's and ten women's varsity squads. Men's sports include baseball, basketball, football, golf, swimming & diving, track & field, cross country and tennis. Women's sports include basketball, volleyball, golf, swimming & diving, cross country, track & field, soccer, rifle, equestrian, and tennis.
The Horned Frogs have won two national championships, one in 1935 and the other in 1938. Additionally, the team has captured fourteen conference championships. Many notable football players played for TCU, including Sammy Baugh, Davey O'Brien, Bob Lilly, Aaron Schobel, and LaDainian Tomlinson.
The Horned Frogs play their home games in the on campus 44,008 seat Amon G. Carter Stadium. Gary Patterson has coached the team since 2000, leading the Horned Frogs to a 62-25 record (.713), including four bowl wins in seven appearances.
- LaDainian Tomlinson - 2006 NFL MVP, 2000 Heisman Trophy finalist, 3-time Pro Bowl running back for the San Diego Chargers
- Anthony Alabi - Current offensive tackle for the Kansas City Chiefs
- Bob Lilly - Former Dallas Cowboys defensive tackle, member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame
- Sammy Baugh - 1935 Heisman Trophy finalist; NFL record-holder and 9-time All-Pro, who played for the Washington Redskins. Member of All Time NFL 50th and 75th Anniversary teams. Part of inaugural NFL Hall of Fame Class.
- Davey O'Brien - 1938 Heisman Trophy winner; former NFL quarterback for the Philadelphia Eagles; only college football player to win the Heisman, Maxwell, and Walter Camp trophies in the same year
- Lyle Blackwood - Former safety for the Miami Dolphins
- Larry Brown - Former cornerback for the Dallas Cowboys and Oakland Raiders, Super Bowl XXX MVP
- Kenneth Davis - 1984 Heisman Trophy finalist and All American running back. NFL running back for the Buffalo Bills.
- Jamie Dixon - Current head men's basketball coach at the University of Pittsburgh
- Larry Foyt - NASCAR & IRL Driver
- J. J. Henry - PGA golfer, member of the 2006 Ryder Cup team.
- Sandora Irvin - WNBA player, San Antonio Silver Stars
- Lee Nailon - Former NBA player
- Kurt Thomas - NBA player, for the Miami Heat, Dallas Mavericks, New York Knicks, Phoenix Suns, Seattle SuperSonics and in February 2008 was traded to the San Antonio Spurs.; one-time NBA assistant coach, Dallas Mavericks; at TCU one of three players to lead the NCAA Division I in scoring and rebounding in the same year (a feat he accomplished twice).
- Kris Tschetter - Professional golfer on the LPGA Tour
- Angela Stanford - Professional golfer on the LPGA Tour
- Guy Morriss - Former Baylor University and University of Kentucky head football coach, and former 15-year Pro Bowl NFL center for the Philadelphia Eagles and New England Patriots.
- Jeff Newman - major league baseball player, Boston Red Sox and Oakland Athletics
- Casey Printers - Former NFL quarterback for the Kansas City Chiefs. Member of Canadian CFL teams BC Lions and Hamilton Tiger-Cats.
- Mike Renfro - 10-season NFL receiver for the Houston Oilers and the Dallas Cowboys
- Khadevis Robinson - USA Olympian in the 800 meter run. Multi-time USATF gold medalist. World Record Breaker running the fastest leg in the 4x800 in 2006.
- Aaron Schobel - Pro Bowl defensive end with the NFL's Buffalo Bills
- Bo Schobel - Defensive end with the NFL's Arizona Cardinals
- Matt Schobel - Tight end with the NFL's Philadelphia Eagles
- Jeff Zimmerman - Former All-Star pitcher for the Texas Rangers
Business and community leaders
Alumni in arts and entertainment
- Swaim, Joan. (1992). Walking TCU. Fort Worth: Texas Christian University Press. ISBN 0-399-14218-50875651046