Chuon Nat

List of anthems by country

Most countries have anthems, defined as "a song, as of praise, devotion, or patriotism"; most anthems are either marches or hymns in style. A hymn can become a country's national anthem by a provision in the country's constitution, by a law enacted by its legislature, or simply by tradition. A royal anthem is a patriotic song similar to a national anthem, but it specifically praises or prays for a monarch or royal dynasty. Such anthems are usually performed at public appearances by the monarch or during other events of royal importance. Some countries also use the royal anthem as its national anthem, such as the anthem of Jordan.

The oldest national anthem is the Dutch national anthem "Het Wilhelmus", written some time between 1568 and 1572. Anthems became increasingly popular among Europe countries in the 18th century. For example, the British national anthem "God Save the Queen" was first performed under the title "God Save the King" in 1745. The French anthem "La Marseillaise" was written half a century later in 1792, and adopted in 1795.

National anthems are usually written in the most common language of the country, whether de facto or official. For example, India's anthem "Jana Gana Mana" is written in a Sanskritized version of Bengali, both official languages of India. Countries with more than one national language may offer several versions of their anthem. For instance, Switzerland's national anthem has different lyrics for each of the country's four official languages: French, German, Italian, and Romansh. On the other hand, South Africa's national anthem is unique in that five of the eleven official languages are used in the same anthem, with each language comprising a stanza. The multilingual country of Spain has no official lyrics for its anthem "La Marcha Real". A national competition to write words for the anthem was launched in 2007; however, widespread public criticism forced the new lyrics to be withdrawn in January 2008.

Anthems by country

Only United Nations member states are included in this list; they are arranged alphabetically.

Country National anthem Date adopted Lyrics writer Music writer
"Milli Tharana" ("National Anthem") Abdul Bari Jahani Babrak Wassa
"Himni i Flamurit" ("Hymn to the Flag") unknown Aleksander Stavre Drenova Ciprian Porumbescu
"Kassaman" ("We Pledge") Mufdi Zakariah Mohamed Fawzi
"El Gran Carlemany" ("The Great Charlemagne") Enric Marfany Bons Juan Benlloch y Vivó
"Angola Avante" ("Forward Angola") Manuel Rui Alves Monteiro Rui Alberto Vieira Dias Mingas
"Fair Antigua, We Salute Thee" Novelle Hamilton Richards Walter Garnet Picart Chambers
"Himno Nacional Argentino" ("Argentine National Anthem") Vicente López y Planes Blas Parera
"Mer Hayrenik"' ("Our Fatherland") Mikael Nalbandian Barsegh Kanachyan
"Advance Australia Fair" Peter Dodds McCormick Peter Dodds McCormick
"Land der Berge, Land am Strome" ("Land of Mountains, Land on the River") Paula von Preradovic Johann Holzer
"Azərbaycan marşı" ("Azerbaijan's Anthem") Ahmed Javad Uzeyir Hajibeyov
"March On, Bahamaland" Timothy Gibson Timothy Gibson
"Bahrainona" ("Our Bahrain") Mohamed Sudqi Ayyash unknown
"Amar Shonar Bangla" ("My Golden Bengal") Rabindranath Tagore Rabindranath Tagore
"In Plenty and In Time of Need" Irving Burgie C. Van Roland Edwards
"My Belarusy" ("We, the Belarusians") Michael Klimovich Nestar Sakalowski
"The Brabançonne" ("The Song of Brabant") Jenneval (Louis-Alexandre Dechet) François Van Campenhout
"Land of the Free" Samuel Alfred Haynes Selwyn Walford Young
"L'Aube Nouvelle" ("The Dawn of a New Day") Gilbert Jean Dagnon Gilbert Jean Dagnon
"Druk tsendhen" (The Thunder Dragon Kingdom) Dasho Gyaldun Thinley Aku Tongmi
"Himno Nacional de la República de Bolivia" ("National Anthem of the Republic of Bolivia") José Ignacio de Sanjinés Leopoldo Benedetto Vincenti
"Državna himna Bosne i Hercegovine" ("The National Anthem of Bosnia and Herzegovina") none Dušan Šestić
"Fatshe leno la rona" ("Blessed Be This Noble Land") Kgalemang Tumedisco Motsete Kgalemang Tumedisco Motsete
"Hino Nacional Brasileiro" ("Brazilian National Anthem") Joaquim Osório Duque Estrada Francisco Manuel da Silva
"Allah Peliharakan Sultan" ("God Bless the Sultan") Pengiran Haji Mohamed Yusuf bin Abdul Rahim Awang Haji Besar bin Sagap
"Mila Rodino" ("Dear Motherland") Tsvetan Radoslavov Tsvetan Radoslavov
"Une Seule Nuit" ("One Single Night") Thomas Sankara Thomas Sankara
"Kaba Ma Kyei" ("Till the End of the World, Burma") Saya Tin Saya Tin
"Burundi bwacu" ("Our Burundi") Jean-Baptiste Ntahokaja and others Marc Barengayabo
"Nokoreach" ("Royal Kingdom") Chuon Nat F. Perruchot and J. Jekyll
"O Cameroun, Berceau de nos Ancêtres" ("O Cameroon, Cradle of Our Forefathers") René Djam Afame, Samuel Minkio Bamba, and Moïse Nyatte Nko'o René Djam Afame
"O Canada" Adolphe-Basile Routhier (French); Robert Stanley Weir (English) Calixa Lavallée
"Cântico da Liberdade" ("Song of Freedom") Amílcar Spencer Lopes Adalberto Higino Tavares Silva
La Renaissance ("The Rebirth") Barthélémy Boganda Herbert Pepper
"La Tchadienne" ("People of Chad") Louis Gidrol and others Paul Villard
"Himno Nacional de Chile" ("National Anthem of Chile") Eusebio Lillo Ramón Carnicer
"Yìyǒngjūn Jìnxíngqǔ" ("The March of the Volunteers") (provisional)
1982 (official)
2004 (constitutional)
Tian Han Nie Er
"Himno Nacional de la República de Colombia" ("National Anthem of the Republic of Colombia") Rafael Núñez Oreste Sindici
"Udzima wa ya Masiwa" ("The Union of the Great Islands") Said Hachim Sidi Abderemane Said Hachim Sidi Abderemane and Kamildine Abdallah
"Debout Congolais" ("Arise Congolese") Joseph Lutumba Simon-Pierre Boka di Mpasi Londi
"La Congolaise" ("The Congolese") Levent Kimbangui Français Jacques Tondra
"Himno Nacional de Costa Rica" ("National Anthem of Costa Rica") José María Zeledón Brenes Manuel María Gutiérrez
"L'Abidjanaise" ("Song of Abidjan") Mathieu Ekra, Joachim Bony, and Pierre Marie Coty Pierre Marie Coty and Pierre Michel Pango
"Lijepa naša domovino" ("Our Beautiful Homeland") Antun Mihanović Josif Runjanin
"El Himno de Bayamo" ("The Anthem of Bayamo") Perucho Figueredo Perucho Figueredo
"Ýmnos eis tīn Eleutherían" ("Hymn to Liberty") Dionýsios Solomós Nikolaos Mantzaros
"Kde domov můj" ("Where is My Home?") (Czechoslovakia)
1993 (Czech Republic)
Josef Kajetán Tyl František Škroup
"Der er et yndigt land" ("There is a Lovely Country") Adam Oehlenschläger Hans Ernst Krøyer
"Djibouti" ("Djibouti") Aden Elmi Abdi Robleh
"Isle of Beauty, Isle of Splendour" Wilfred Oscar Morgan Pond Lemuel McPherson Christian
"Himno Nacional" ("National Anthem") Emilio Prud'homme Jose Rufino Reyes Siancas
"Pátria" ("Fatherland") Francisco Borja da Costa Afonso de Araujo
"Salve, Oh Patria" ("We Salute You, Our Homeland") Juan León Mera Antonio Neumane
"Bilady, Bilady, Bilady" ("My Country, My Country, My Country") Sayed Darwish (adapted from a speech by Mustafa Kamil) Sayed Darwish
"Himno Nacional de El Salvador" ("National Anthem of El Salvador") Juan José Cañas Juan Aberle
"Caminemos pisando la senda" ("Let Us Tread the Path") Atanasio Ndongo Miyone Atanasio Ndongo Miyone
"Ertra, Ertra, Ertra" ("Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea") Solomon Tsehaye Beraki Isaac Abraham Meharezghi and Aron Tekle Tesfatsion
"Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm" ("My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy") Johann Voldemar Jannsen Fredrik Pacius
"Wodefit Gesgeshi, Widd Innat Ityopp'ya" ("March Forward, Dear Mother Ethiopia") Dereje Melaku Mengesha Solomon Lulu Mitiku
"Meda Dau Doka" ("God Bless Fiji") Michael Francis Alexander Prescott Charles Austin Miles
"Maamme" ("Our Land") Johan Ludvig Runeberg Fredrik Pacius
"La Marseillaise" ("The Song of Marseille") Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle
"La Concorde" ("The Concord") Georges Aleka Damas Georges Aleka Damas
"For The Gambia Our Homeland" Virginia Julie Howe Jeremy Frederick Howe
"Tavisupleba" ("Freedom") David Magradze Zakaria Paliashvili
Third stanza of "Das Deutschlandlied" ("The Germany Song") August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben Joseph Haydn
"God Bless Our Homeland Ghana" Philip Gbeho Philip Gbeho
"Ýmnos eis tīn Eleutherían" ("Hymn to Liberty") Dionýsios Solomós Nikolaos Mantzaros
"Hail Grenada" Irva Merle Baptiste Louis Arnold Masanto
"Himno Nacional de Guatemala" ("National Anthem of Guatemala") José Joaquín Palma Rafael Álvarez Ovalle
"Liberté" ("Liberty") Unknown Kodofo Moussa
"Esta é a Nossa Pátria Bem Amada" ("This Is Our Beloved Country") Amílcar Cabral Amílcar Cabral
"Dear Land of Guyana, of Rivers and Plains" Archibald Leonard Luker Robert Cyril Gladstone Potter
"La Dessalinienne" ("Song of Dessalines") Justin Lhérisson Nicolas Geffrard
"Himno Nacional de Honduras" ("National Anthem of Honduras") Augusto Constancio Coello Carlos Hartling
"Himnusz" ("Hymn") Ferenc Kölcsey Ferenc Erkel
"Lofsöngur" ("Hymn") unknown Matthías Jochumsson Sveinbjörn Sveinbjörnsson
"Jana Gana Mana" ("Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People") Rabindranath Tagore Rabindranath Tagore
"Indonesia Raya" ("Great Indonesia") Wage Rudolf Supratman Wage Rudolf Supratman
"Soroud-e Melli-e Jomhouri-e Eslami-e Iran" ("National Anthem of Iran") multiple Hassan Riyahi
"Mawtini" ("My Homeland") Ibrahim Touqan Muhammad Fuliefil
"Amhrán na bhFiann" ("The Soldier's Song") Liam Ó Rinn Peadar Kearney and Patrick Heeney
"HaTikvah" ("The Hope") (de facto)
2004 (de jure)
Naftali Herz Imber Samuel Cohen
"Il Canto degli Italiani" ("The Song of the Italians") (de facto)
2005 (de jure)
Goffredo Mameli Michele Novaro
"Jamaica, Land We Love" unknown Hugh Sherlock Robert Lightbourne
"Kimi ga Yo" ("May Your Reign Last Forever") traditional Waka poem from the Heian period traditional melody of the Meiji period
"Al-salam Al-malaki Al-urdoni" ("The Royal Anthem of Jordan") Abdul Monem Al-Refai Abdul Qader al-Taneer
"Meniñ Qazaqstanım" ("My Kazakhstan") Zhumeken Nazhimedenov (with modifications by Nursultan Nazarbayev) Shamshi Kaldayakov
"Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu" ("Oh God of All Creation") Graham Hyslop, G. W. Senoga-Zake, Thomas Kalume, Peter Kibukosya, and Washington Omondi traditional African tune
"Teirake Kaini Kiribati" ("Stand up, Kiribati") Urium Tamuera Ioteba Urium Tamuera Ioteba
"Aegukka" ("The Patriotic Song") Pak Seyŏng Kim Wŏn'gyun
"Aegukga" ("The Patriotic Song") uncertain Ahn Eak-tae
"Europe" none Mendi Mengjiqi
"Ey Reqîb" ("Hey Guard") Dildar (Yunis Rauf) unknown
"Al-Nasheed Al-Watani" ("National Anthem") Ahmad Meshari Al-Adwani Ibrahim Al-Soula
"Kyrgyz Respublikasynyn Mamlekettik Gimni" ("National Anthem of the Kyrgyz Republic") Djamil Sadykov and Eshmambet Kuluev Nasyr Davlesov and Kalyi Moldobasanov
Pheng Xat Lao ("National Anthem of Laos") Sisana Sisane Thongdy Sounthonevichit
"Dievs, svētī Latviju!" ("God Bless Latvia") Kārlis Baumanis Kārlis Baumanis
"Lebanese National Anthem" Rashid Nakhle Wadih Sabra
"Lesotho Fatse La Bontata Rona" ("Lesotho, Land of Our Fathers") François Coillard Ferdinand-Samuel Laur
"All Hail, Liberia, Hail!" Daniel Bashiel Warner Olmstead Luca
"Allahu Akbar" ("God Is Great") Egyptian marching song Egyptian marching song
"Oben am jungen Rhein" ("Up Above the Young Rhine") Jakob Josef Jauch unknown
"Tautiška giesmė" ("National Song") Vincas Kudirka Vincas Kudirka
"Ons Hémécht" ("Our Homeland") Michel Lentz Jean Antoine Zinnen
"Denes nad Makedonija" ("Today Over Macedonia") Vlado Maleski Todor Skalovski
"Ry Tanindraza nay malala ô" ("Oh, Our Beloved Fatherland") unknown Norbert Raharisoa Rahajason
"Mlungu dalitsani Malawi" ("God Bless Malawi") Michael-Fredrick Paul Sauka Michael-Fredrick Paul Sauka
"Negaraku" ("My Country") multiple folk song ("Terang Bulan")
"Gaumii salaam" ("National Salute") Muhammad Jameel Didi Pandit Wannakuwattawaduge Don Amaradeva
"Pour l'Afrique et pour toi, Mali" ("For Africa and for You, Mali") Seydou Badian Kouyate Banzoumana Sissoko
"L-Innu Malti" ("The Maltese Hymn") Dun Karm Psaila Robert Samut
"Forever Marshall Islands" unknown Amata Kabua Amata Kabua
"National Anthem of Mauritania" Baba Ould Cheikh Tolia Nikiprowetzky
"Motherland" unknown Jean Georges Prosper Philippe Gentil
"Himno Nacional Mexicano" ("Mexican National Anthem") Francisco González Bocanegra Jaime Nunó
"Patriots of Micronesia" unknown traditional German song (Ich hab' mich ergeben)
"Limba Noastră" ("Our Language") Alexei Mateevici Alexandru Cristea
"Hymne Monégasque" ("Monégasque Anthem") Louis Notari Théophile Bellando de Castro
"Mongol ulsiin töriin duulal" ("National Anthem of Mongolia") Tsendiin Damdinsüren Bilegiin Damdinsüren and Luvsanjyamts Murdorj
"Oj, svijetla majska zoro" ("O, Bright Dawn of May") unknown Sekula Drljević unknown
"Hymne Cherifien" ("Anthem of Morocco") Ali Squalli Houssaini Léo Morgan
"Pátria Amada" ("Lovely Homeland") unknown unknown
"Namibia, Land of the Brave" Axali Doëseb Axali Doëseb
"Nauru Bwiema" ("Song of Nauru") Margaret Hendrie Laurence Henry Hicks
"Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka" ("Hundreds of Flowers") Byakul Maila Ambar Gurung
"Het Wilhelmus" ("The William") unknown Adrianus Valerius
"God Defend New Zealand", "God Save the Queen" Thomas Bracken John Joseph Woods
"Salve a ti, Nicaragua" ("Hail to Thee, Nicaragua") Salomón Ibarra Mayorga Luis A. Delgadillo
"La Nigérienne" ("The Nigeriens") Maurice Albert Thiriet Robert Jacquet and Nicolas Abel François Frionnet
"Arise O Compatriots, Nigeria's Call Obey" John A. Ilechukwu, Eme Etim Akpan, B. A. Ogunnaike, Sotu Omoigui, and P. O. Aderibighe Nigerian Police Band, under the directorship of B. E. Odiase
"Ja, vi elsker dette landet" ("Yes, We Love This Country") Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson Rikard Nordraak
"Nashid as-Salaam as-Sultani" ("National Anthem of Oman") unknown unknown
"Qaumī Tarāna" ("National Anthem") Hafeez Jullundhri Ahmed Ghulamali Chagla
"Belau rekid" ("Our Palau") multiple Ymesei O. Ezekiel
Himno Istmeño ("Hymn of the Isthmus") unknown Jeronimo de la Ossa Santos Jorge
"O Arise, All You Sons" Tom Shacklady Tom Shacklady
"Paraguayos, República o Muerte" ("Paraguayans, the Republic or Death") Francisco Acuña de Figueroa Françoice Dupuis, and Remberto Giménez
"Himno Nacional del Perú" ("National Anthem of Peru") José de la Torre Ugarte y Alarcón Jose Bernardo Alcedo
"Lupang Hinirang" ("Chosen Land") Jose Palma Julian Felipe
"Mazurek Dąbrowskiego" ("Dąbrowski's Mazurka") (English: Poland is not yet Lost) Józef Wybicki unknown
"A Portuguesa" ("The Portuguese Song") Henrique Lopes de Mendonça Alfredo Keil
"As Salam al Amiri" ("National Anthem of Qatar") Sheikh Mubarak bin Saïf al-Thani unknown
"Deşteaptă-te, române!" ("Awaken Thee, Romanian") Andrei Mureşanu Anton Pann and Gheorghe Ucenescu
"Gosudarstvenny Gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii" ("State Hymn of the Russian Federation") Sergey Mikhalkov Alexander Vasilyevich Alexandrov
"Rwanda nziza" ("Beautiful Rwanda") unknown unknown
"O Land of Beauty!" Kenrick Georges Kenrick Georges
"Sons and Daughters of Saint Lucia" Charles Jesse Leton Felix Thomas
"St Vincent Land So Beautiful" Phyllis Punnett unknown
"The Banner of Freedom" Sauni Iiga Kuresa Sauni Iiga Kuresa
"Inno Nazionale della Repubblica" ("The National Anthem of the Republic") Federico Consolo Federico Consolo
"Independência total" ("Total Independence") Alda Neves da Graça do Espírito Santo Manuel dos Santos Barreto de Sousa e Almeida
"As-Salam Al Malaki" ("The Royal Salute") Ibrahim Khafaji Abdul Rahman Al-Khateeb
"Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons" ("Strum your Koras, Strike the Balafons") Léopold Sédar Senghor Herbert Pepper
"Bože pravde" ("God of Justice") Jovan Đorđević Davorin Jenko
"Koste Seselwa" ("Join together all Seychellois") unknown unknown unknown
"High We Exalt Thee, Realm of the Free" Clifford Nelson Fyle John Akar
"Majulah Singapura" ("Onward Singapore") Zubir Said Zubir Said
"Nad Tatrou sa blýska" ("Storm Over the Tatras") (Czechoslovakia)
(Slovakia)
Janko Matúška folk tune
"Zdravljica" ("A Toast") (7th stanza only) France Prešeren Stanko Premrl
"God Save Our Solomon Islands" Panapasa Balekana and Matila Balekana Panapasa Balekana
"Somaliyaay toosoo" ("Somalia, Wake Up") Ali Mire Awale Ali Mire Awale
"National Anthem of South Africa" Enoch Sontonga and C. J. Langenhoven Enoch Sontonga and C. J. Langenhoven
"La Marcha Real" ("The Royal March") none unknown
"Sri Lanka Matha" ("Mother Sri Lanka") Ananda Samarakoon Ananda Samarakoon
"Nahnu Jund Allah Jund Al-Watan" ("We Are the Army of God and of Our Land") unknown unknown unknown
"God zij met ons Suriname" ("God Be With Our Suriname") unknown unknown unknown
"Nkulunkulu Mnikati wetibusiso temaSwati" ("O Lord our God of the Swazi") unknown unknown unknown
"Du gamla, Du fria" ("Thou Ancient, Thou Free") unofficial Richard Dybeck unknown
"Schweizerpsalm" ("Swiss Psalm") (de facto)
1981 (de jure)
Leonhard Widmer Alberich Zwyssig
"Humāt ad-Diyār" ("Guardians of the Homeland") Khalil Mardam Bey Mohammed Flayfel
"Surudi Milli" ("National Anthem") Gulnazar Keldi Suleiman Yudakov
"Mungu ibariki Afrika" ("God Bless Africa") unknown Enoch Sontonga Enoch Sontonga
"Phleng Chat" ("National Song") Luang Saranupraphan Peter Feit
"Salut à toi, pays de nos aïeux" ("Hail to Thee, Land of our Forefathers") Alex Casimir-Dosseh Alex Casimir-Dosseh
"Ko e fasi o e tui o e Otu Tonga" ("Song of the King of the Tonga Islands") Uelingatoni Ngū Tupoumalohi Karl Gustavus Schmitt
"Forged from the Love of Liberty" Patrick Castagne Patrick Castagne
"Humat Al-Hima" ("Defenders of the Homeland") Mustafa Sadiq Al-Rafi'i and Aboul-Qacem Echebbi Mohammed Abdelwahab
"İstiklâl Marşı" ("The March of Independence") Mehmet Akif Ersoy Osman Zeki Üngör
"Türkmenbaşyň guran beýik binasy" ("Independent, Neutral, Turkmenistan State Anthem") Saparmurat Niyazov Saparmurat Niyazov
"Tuvalu mo te Atua" ("Tuvalu for the Almighty") Afaese Manoa Afaese Manoa
"Oh Uganda, Land of Beauty" George Wilberforce Kakoma George Wilberforce Kakoma
"Shche ne vmerla Ukrainy" ("Ukraine's Glory Has Not Perished") Pavlo Chubynsky Mykhaylo Verbytsky
"Ishy Biladi" ("Long Live my Homeland") Arif Al Sheikh Abdullah Al Hassan Saad Abdel Wahab
"God Save the Queen" unknown unknown unknown
"The Star-Spangled Banner" Francis Scott Key John Stafford Smith
"Himno Nacional" ("National Anthem") Francisco Acuña de Figueroa Francisco José Debali
"O`zbekiston Respublikasining Davlat Madhiyasi" ("National Anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan") Abdulla Aripov Mutal Burhanov
"Yumi, Yumi, Yumi" ("We, We, We") François Vincent Ayssav François Vincent Ayssav
"Gloria al Bravo Pueblo" ("Glory to the Brave People") Vicente Salias Juan José Landaeta
Tiến Quân Ca ("Army March") Văn Cao Văn Cao
"United Republic" Abdallah Abdulwahab Noman Ayoob Tarish
"Stand and Sing of Zambia, Proud and Free" unknown Enoch Sontonga Enoch Sontonga
"Simudzai Mureza WeZimbabwe" ("Blessed Be The Land of Zimbabwe") Solomon Mutswairo Fred Changundega

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