See studies by W.-T. Chan (1987, 1989).
He can be grouped with anti-communist writers or the soldier writers. His fiction displays an interest in the impact of modernity on ordinary people and in the clash of social forces. These are concerns he inherited from the May 4th movement and the writers of the 1930s. However, Chu Hsi-ning's, unlike that of many Chinese writers of the 1930s, was not leftist. In fact, he is conservative. His stories reinforce traditional communal values and a morally Christian worldview.
He is the father of writers Chu Tien-wen and Chu Tien-hsin, together with whom he participated in the Three-Three series of publications in the late 1970s. The "threes" stand for the Three Principles of the People and for the Christian trinity.