Christine

Christine

[kri-steen]
Ladd-Franklin, Christine, 1847-1930, American scientist, b. Windsor, Conn., grad. Vassar 1869. She was the first woman student to enter Johns Hopkins (1878), her special studies being directed toward logic and the theory of color. She studied in Göttingen (1891-92) and worked in Helmholtz's laboratory, developing the theory of color vision that bears her name and that is described in Colour and Colour Theories (1929), a collection of her papers.
orig. Christine Ladd

(born Dec. 1, 1847, Windsor, Conn., U.S.—died March 5, 1930, New York, N.Y.) U.S. scientist and logician. She fulfilled Ph.D. requirements at Johns Hopkins University in the 1880s, but, because women candidates were not recognized, she was not awarded her degree until 1926. In symbolic logic, she reduced syllogistic reasoning to an inconsistent triad with the introduction of the antilogism, a form that made the testing of deductions easier. The Ladd-Franklin theory of colour vision stressed increasing colour differentiation with evolution and assumed a photochemical model for the visual system. Her principal works are The Algebra of Logic (1883), The Nature of Color Sensation (1925), and Color and Color Theories (1929).

Learn more about Ladd-Franklin, Christine with a free trial on Britannica.com.

formerly Chris Evert Lloyd

(born Dec. 21, 1954, Fort Lauderdale, Fla., U.S.) U.S. tennis player. She became in 1971 the youngest player to reach the semifinals of the U.S. championship. She won the U.S. Open women's singles six times (1975–78, 1980, 1982) and repeatedly won the Wimbledon singles (1974, 1976, 1981), the French Open singles (1974, 1975, 1979, 1980, 1983, 1985, 1986), and the Australian Open singles (1982, 1984), for a total of 18 grand-slam h1s. She retired in 1989.

Learn more about Evert, Chris(tine Marie) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

or Christine de Pizan

(born 1364, Venice—died circa 1430) French writer. She was the daughter of an astrologer to Charles V and the wife of a court secretary and took up writing to support her children when she was widowed, producing 10 volumes of graceful verse, including ballads, rondeaux, lays, and complaints, many in the courtly-love tradition. Some works, both poetry and prose, champion women, notably The Book of the City of Ladies (1405). She also wrote a life of Charles V and Le Ditié de Jehanne d'Arc (1429), inspired by Joan of Arc's early victories.

Learn more about Christine de Pisan with a free trial on Britannica.com.

formerly Chris Evert Lloyd

(born Dec. 21, 1954, Fort Lauderdale, Fla., U.S.) U.S. tennis player. She became in 1971 the youngest player to reach the semifinals of the U.S. championship. She won the U.S. Open women's singles six times (1975–78, 1980, 1982) and repeatedly won the Wimbledon singles (1974, 1976, 1981), the French Open singles (1974, 1975, 1979, 1980, 1983, 1985, 1986), and the Australian Open singles (1982, 1984), for a total of 18 grand-slam h1s. She retired in 1989.

Learn more about Evert, Chris(tine Marie) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

orig. Christine Ladd

(born Dec. 1, 1847, Windsor, Conn., U.S.—died March 5, 1930, New York, N.Y.) U.S. scientist and logician. She fulfilled Ph.D. requirements at Johns Hopkins University in the 1880s, but, because women candidates were not recognized, she was not awarded her degree until 1926. In symbolic logic, she reduced syllogistic reasoning to an inconsistent triad with the introduction of the antilogism, a form that made the testing of deductions easier. The Ladd-Franklin theory of colour vision stressed increasing colour differentiation with evolution and assumed a photochemical model for the visual system. Her principal works are The Algebra of Logic (1883), The Nature of Color Sensation (1925), and Color and Color Theories (1929).

Learn more about Ladd-Franklin, Christine with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Christine is a city in Richland County, North Dakota in the United States. The population was 153 at the 2000 census. Christine was founded in 1884. It is part of the Wahpeton, ND–MN Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

Christine is located at (46.574007, -96.805569).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 153 people, 60 households, and 43 families residing in the city. The population density was 846.1 people per square mile (328.2/km²). There were 61 housing units at an average density of 337.4/sq mi (130.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.35% White, and 0.65% from two or more races.

There were 60 households out of which 36.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.3% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.7% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 41.2% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 5.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 109.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 118.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $51,458, and the median income for a family was $51,667. Males had a median income of $37,188 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,330. About 6.0% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.6% of those under the age of eighteen and none of those sixty five or over.

Trivia

The band Tullycraft have two songs about Christine, those being "Christine, ND" and "Vacation in Christine, ND"

References

External links

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