Born in the Duchy of Prussia's capital Königsberg, part of Brandenburg-Prussia, Goldbach was the son of a pastor. He studied at the University of Königsberg and went on to work at the newly opened St Petersburg Academy of Sciences in 1725. Later on, he was a tutor to the later Tsar Peter II in 1728. In 1742 he entered the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Goldbach traveled widely throughout Europe and met with many famous mathematicians, such as Gottfried Leibniz, Leonhard Euler, and Nicholas I Bernoulli. He is most noted for his correspondence with these mathematicians, especially in his 1742 letter to Euler stating his Goldbach's Conjecture. He also studied and proved some theorems on perfect powers, such as the Goldbach-Euler theorem, and made several notable contributions to analysis.
Prime Numbers Are Still Giving Up Their Secrets ; Fresh Advances Are Still Being Made in Some of the Most Fundamental Areas of Mathematics
Jun 06, 2013; Exciting things have been happening in number theory recently. The mathematics we study at school gives the impression that all...