(1878-1951) was an influential literary critic
of literature. Gauss served as Dean
of the College at Princeton University
, and after retiring from Princeton was President of Phi Beta Kappa
. Though he was not a prolific author or a public figure, Gauss left a mark on literary scholarship: Princeton University's semiannual series of Christian Gauss Seminars in Criticism
(founded in 1949 by R.P. Blackmur
), and Phi Beta Kappa's annual Christian Gauss Award
(est. 1950) for a book of literary criticism are named in his honor.