The Chota Nagpur Plateau
(also Chhota Nagpur
) is a plateau in eastern India, which covers much of Jharkhand
state as well as adjacent parts of Orissa
, and Chhattisgarh
. The Indo-Gangetic plain
lies to the north and east of the plateau, and the basin of the Mahanadi River
lies to the south. There are beautiful waterfalls such as Lodh Falls
. The plateau is made up of ancient Precambrian
rocks. Deposits of Coal
support the industries of the Damodar Valley
. Chota Nagpur is made up of three smaller plateaus, the Ranchi, Hazaribagh, and Kodarma plateaus. The Ranchi plateau is the largest of the plateaus, with an average elevation of 700 meters. The total area of Chota Nagpur is approximately 65,000 km².
Much of the plateau is forested, with Sal trees predominant, and is covered by the Chota Nagpur dry deciduous forest ecoregion. The plateau is one of the few remaining refuges left in India for tigers and Asian Elephants.
- Chakrabarti, Dilip K. "Archaeology of Eastern India, Chhotanagpur Plateau and West Bengal". New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers, 1993. ISBN 8121506018
- Gupta, Satya Prakash. Tribes of Chotanagpur Plateau: An Ethno-Nutritional & Pharmacological Cross-Section. Land and people of tribal Bihar series, no. 3. [Patna]: Govt. of Bihar, Welfare Dept, 1974.
- Mukhopadhyay, Subhash Chandra. Geomorphology of the Subarnarekha Basin: The Chota Nagpur Plateau, Eastern India. [Burdwan]: University of Burdwan, 1980.
- Sinha, Birendra K. Light at the End of the Tunnel: A Journey Towards Fulfilment in the Chotanagpur Plateau : a Study in Dynamics of Social-Economic-Cultural-Administrative-Political Growth. [S.l: s.n, 1991.
- Sinha, V. N. P. Chota Nagpur Plateau: A Study in Settlement Geography. New Delhi: K.B. Publications, 1976.