Saginaw is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan and the seat of Saginaw County. Once two independent cities, the consolidated City of Saginaw was once a thriving lumber town and manufacturing center that in recent years has suffered from population decline, job losses, and increased crime rates. Saginaw and Saginaw County lie in the Flint/Tri-Cities region of Michigan. The city is adjacent to Saginaw Charter Township and considered part of the Tri-Cities area, along with Bay City, Michigan and Midland, Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 61,799. The 2007 census estimate places the population at 56,263..
During Michigan's territorial period, a county and township government were organized at Saginaw. Growth of the settlement was fueled rapidly during the 1800s by the lumber industry. Saginaw was the site of numerous sawmills and served as a port for Great Lakes vessels. What is now the City of Saginaw resulted from the consolidation of the Cities of East Saginaw and Saginaw (West Side) in 1889.
During the 1900s, Saginaw's economy was dominated by manufacturing related to the automotive industry. Immigration from other areas, particularly the American south, swelled the population. This population growth particularly expanded the presence of African-Americans in Saginaw. The politics of the City became dominated with issues of race relations. The manufacturing presence in Saginaw declined in the latter half of the 20th century and the population diminished as well. Saginaw has faced increasing social problems relating to poverty as a result of its high rate of unemployment. Crime has been a major area of concern for the community in recent years.
Saginaw is the largest principal city of the Saginaw-Bay City-Saginaw Township North CSA, a Combined Statistical Area that includes the Saginaw-Saginaw Township North (Saginaw County) and Bay City (Bay County) metropolitan areas, which had a combined population of 320,196 at the 2000 census.
As of the census of 2000, there were 61,799 people, 23,182 households, and 15,114 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,542.9 people per square mile (1,368.2/km²). There were 25,639 housing units at an average density of 1,469.9/sq mi (567.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 47.02% White, 43.26% African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 5.86% from other races, and 3.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.75% of the population.
There were 23,182 households out of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.9% were married couples living together, 27.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the city the population was spread out with 31.6% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,485, and the median income for a family was $29,945. Males had a median income of $31,614 versus $22,714 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,816. About 24.7% of families and 28.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.2% of those under age 18 and 16.3% of those age 65 or over.
The City of Saginaw is served by the Saginaw Public School District (SPSD). The district operates 14 elementary schools, 2 combined elementary/middle schools, 4 middle schools, and 4 high schools. The district is governed by a seven member elected board of education. The board selects a superintendent for the district. The current superintendent is Dr. Gerald D. Dawkins . The three public high schools in Saginaw are Arthur Hill High School, Saginaw High School, and the Saginaw Arts and Sciences Academy. Michigan Lutheran Seminary is a private high school in the city. Charter schools in the city are North Saginaw Charter Academy and Saginaw Prep schools.
The City of Saginaw gets its electricity and natural gas from Consumers Energy.
Saginaw is served primarily by two airports; MBS International Airport, located in nearby Freeland, and Bishop International Airport, located in Flint. Saginaw is also served by three smaller airports; Harry W. Browne Airport, James Clements Municipal Airport in Bay City, and Jack Barstow Municipal Airport in Midland. In addition to the airports, Interstate 75 serves as the main arterial route for the Saginaw area while Interstate 675 provides direct access to the center of the city from Interstate 75. Interstate 69 is a nearby east-west corridor providing access to the rest of the Midwestern United States and Canada. The Saginaw River runs through the middle of the city and provides access to Saginaw Bay and the rest of the Great Lakes via docks on the northern side of the city. Historically, ships were able to move all along the length of the river inside the city but fixed bridges being built over the river closed access south of the northern docks. In the city and surrounding areas, mass transit is provided by bus under the authority of the Saginaw Transit Authority Regional Services (STARS) system. The STARS system connects to Bay City's Bus system at Saginaw Valley State University.
| ||I-75 passes along the eastern side of the city through Buena Vista Charter Township.|
| ||I-675 provides a short freeway loop through downtown Saginaw and back to I-75 through Saginaw Charter Township.|
| ||M-13 runs from I-69 through downtown Saginaw and north to Standish.|
| ||M-46 is a cross-peninsular road, running across the mitten and the thumb -- from Port Sanilac on the Lake Huron shore, through Saginaw, and then on to Muskegon on the Lake Michigan shore. This east-west surface route nearly bisects the Lower Peninsula of Michigan latitudinally.|
| ||M-47 passes through the western suburbs and provides a direct connection to MBS International Airport.|
| ||M-52 runs from the Ohio border through Adrian and Owosso before ending at M-46, in the western suburbs of Saginaw. M-52 also provides an alternate connection to Lansing, Michigan's state capitol.|
| ||M-58 runs from M-47 to I-675.|
| ||M-81 runs east from M-13 to Caro and Cass City and ends at M-53 in Sanilac County.|
| ||M-84 runs from downtown Bay City to M-58 in Saginaw.|
The city's main entertainment can be found in the downtown area, where places such as the Children's Zoo, The Dow Event Center and the restored Temple Theatre offer live entertainment. The Dow Event Center is also home to the city's junior ice hockey team, the Saginaw Spirit of the Ontario Hockey League as well as The Saginaw Sting, an indoor football team. The downtown area, which contains a number of office buildings from the late 1800s and early 1900s, is located near the Saginaw Club, a local businessmen's club founded in 1889, and the Saginaw Center, an educational complex run by Delta College (Michigan). Once vibrant, the downtown area has been in decline in recent years and presently struggles with an elevated crime rate. Downtown is not to be confused with the Old Town/West Side City area located on the other side of the river and about one mile (1.6 km) south. Old Town houses many popular bars, locally owned restaurants, and arts organizations.
The Saginaw area is home to two professional sports teams as well as one NCAA Division-II school that has various sports programs. The Saginaw Spirit is an Ontario Hockey League team that became nationally known when television personality Stephen Colbert promoted the team on his show, The Colbert Report. The Saginaw Sting is an indoor football team that formed in 2007 to play in Saginaw beginning in the 2008 season. At the collegiate level, Saginaw Valley State University competes in numerous sports such as American Football, Basketball, and Volleyball.
|Saginaw Spirit||Ice hockey||Ontario Hockey League||2001||Dow Event Center|
|Saginaw Sting||Indoor football||Continental Indoor Football League||2008||Dow Event Center|
|Saginaw Valley State University||Various||Great Lakes Intercollegiate Athletic Conference||1963||SVSU Campus|
Saginaw is part of Nielsen's Flint-Saginaw-Bay City-Midland Designated Market Area which is the 66th largest market in the United States for Television Viewers. Saginaw is the home of CBS affliate WNEM which maintains its studios and offices inside the City though its license is for Bay City, MI. ABC affiliate WJRT maintains its offices and newsrooms in Saginaw while its studios are in its community of license, Flint. Only NBC affiliate WEYI and Christian station WAQP have the City of Saginaw as their city of record but both maintain their facilities outside of the city. Charter Communications operates a cable television network servicing the City of Saginaw under a franchise agreement.
|Television stations in the Saginaw, Michigan area (Ascending order)|
|49||WAQP||Tri-State Christian Television affiliate|
|AM radio stations|
|790 AM||WSGW||Newsradio 790||News/Talk||NextMedia Group||Saginaw, Michigan|
|1250 AM||WNEM||WNEM 1250 AM||News/Talk||Meredith Corporation||Saginaw, Michigan|
|1400 AM||WSAM||The Bay||Soft adult contemporary||MacDonald Broadcasting||Saginaw, Michigan|
|FM radio stations|
|90.9 FM||WTRK||Air 1||Contemporary Christian||Educational Media Foundation||Saginaw, Michigan|
|93.3 FM||WKQZ||The Rock Station, Z93||Modern rock||Citadel Broadcasting||Saginaw, Michigan (Studios)|
|93.7 FM||WRCL||Club 93.7||Rhythmic contemporary||Regent Communications||Saginaw, Michigan|
|94.5 FM||WCEN||94.5 The Moose||Country music||NextMedia Group||Saginaw, Michigan|
|96.1 FM||WHNN||96 WHNN||Oldies||Citadel Broadcasting||Saginaw, Michigan|
|97.3 FM||WMJO||97.3 Joe FM||Classic hits/Hot AC||MacDonald Broadcasting||Saginaw, Michigan|
|98.1 FM||WKCQ||98FM KCQ||Country music||MacDonald Broadcasting||Saginaw, Michigan|
|100.5 FM||WTKQ||FM Talk 100.5||News/Talk||NextMedia Group||Saginaw, Michigan|
|102.5 FM||WIOG||The Hit Music Channel||Contemporary hits||Citadel Broadcasting||Saginaw, Michigan|
|104.1 FM||WSAM||The Bay||Soft adult contemporary||MacDonald Broadcasting||Bridgeport, Michigan|
|104.5 FM||WILZ||Wheelz 104.5||Classic rock||Citadel Broadcasting||Saginaw, Michigan|
|106.3 FM||WGER||Magic 106.3||Adult contemporary||NextMedia Group||Saginaw, Michigan|
|107.1 FM||WTLZ||Hot 107.1||Urban adult contemporary||NextMedia Group||Saginaw, Michigan|